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"Red Revolution, Green Revolution"Scientific Farming in Socialist China$
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Sigrid Schmalzer

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780226330150

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226330297.001.0001

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date: 16 November 2018

Pu Zhelong: Making Socialist Science Work

Pu Zhelong: Making Socialist Science Work

Chapter:
(p.47) 2 Pu Zhelong: Making Socialist Science Work
Source:
"Red Revolution, Green Revolution"
Author(s):

Sigrid Schmalzer

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226330297.003.0003

This chapter explores the binary of tu and yang through the life of entomologist Pu Zhelong, Entomology in socialist China was remarkably transnational and displayed strong continuities with both the pre-revolutionary and postsocialist periods. However, Pu’s work also reflects the emphasis on nationalist self-reliance produced by economic constraints, China's odd position in Cold War geopolitics, and Maoist ideology. Although postsocialist biographies of Pu highlight his professional (yang) achievements and downplay his contributions to the self-reliance, mass mobilization, and nativism embodied in tu science, Pu's experience demonstrates that tu science could be a natural fit for agricultural scientists. At the same time, Pu skillfully navigated the tensions of the Cold War to serve as an effective agent of China's new form of transnationalism in the 1970s. China's renewal of relations with the United States did not result immediately in the rise of a more yang vision for science. Rather, Pu and others first mobilized their yang connections to promote the idea of a uniquely socialist Chinese tu science that China could offer to the world. Only after the end of the Mao era and the repudiation of radical politics did yang triumph over tu.

Keywords:   Pu Zhelong, China, scientists, insect control, entomology, agriculture, tu and yang, Cold War, transnationalism, self-reliance

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