Architecture, Foreigners, and Modernity in the Early Twentieth Century
The final discussion, Chapter 4, examines the third phase of Western habitation, along with the emergence of a modern China and a “New Guangzhou” in the early twentieth century. The years immediately before and for several decades after the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty in 1911 are the focus here. Framing this era are the arrival of full-blown multinational corporations in the modern sense, and the arrival of foreign and foreign-influenced philanthropic educational and social institutions. Guangzhou’s status as the backyard of Sun Yat-sen influenced the city’s initiatives to modernize in terms not only of city fabric and utilities but also in terms of form and outlook. Leading the city’s modernization initiatives were a number of Western-educated Chinese.
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