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Enclave to UrbanityCanton, Foreigners, and Architecture from the Late Eighteenth to the Early Twentieth Centuries$
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Johnathan Andrew Farris

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9789888208876

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888208876.001.0001

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date: 19 August 2017

Dining, Shopping, Bombarding, and Touring

Dining, Shopping, Bombarding, and Touring

Foreigners in the Traditional City

Chapter:
(p.145) Chapter 3 Dining, Shopping, Bombarding, and Touring
Source:
Enclave to Urbanity
Author(s):

Johnathan Andrew Farris

Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:10.5790/hongkong/9789888208876.003.0003

Chapter 3, the relationship of foreigners to the Chinese city per se. Should nineteenth-century Westerners choose to wander outside the narrow confines of their residential enclaves, they would by and large have been confronted with an entirely Chinese, or more specifically largely Cantonese, and highly populated city to explore. Initially, the places they were allowed to frequent were very limited indeed, but with the treaties after the wars in the mid-nineteenth century, the gates of the Chinese city were essentially forced open. The removal of restrictions on foreign movements was one of several implicit motives for the Arrow War.

Keywords:   Guangzhou, China, Architectural history, Culture, Social history, eighteenth century, Enclave, the Thirteen Factories era

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