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Winning the War for DemocracyThe March on Washington Movement, 1941-1946$
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David Lucander

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780252038624

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252038624.001.0001

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date: 13 December 2017

Pickets, Protests, and Prayers

Pickets, Protests, and Prayers

St. Louis MOWM’s Campaign to Integrate the Defense Workforce

Chapter:
(p.101) 4 Pickets, Protests, and Prayers
Source:
Winning the War for Democracy
Author(s):

David Lucander

Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:10.5406/illinois/9780252038624.003.0004

This chapter shows how St. Louis March on Washington Movement (MOWM) used a major rally to launch a sustained campaign for the integration of African American workers into St. Louis's burgeoning wartime economy. A public prayer demonstration, pickets, and marches helped advance the position of black workers in a number of businesses with defense contracts, including U.S. Cartridge, the world's largest bullet manufacturer. The rising tide of African American workers at U.S. Cartridge came at the confluence of many currents, including a labor shortage, the threat of federal intervention through EO 8802, and constant grassroots pressure from MOWM. By necessity, St. Louis MOWM stepped in as an arbiter of workplace dissension at job sites when greater numbers of African American workers were met by an increase of animosity.

Keywords:   St. Louis MOWM, African American workers, wartime economy, black workers, U.S. Cartridge, EO 8802

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