It examines the way in which European administrators and educators distinguished religion from secular science and yet promoted vernacular languages and cultures while tolerating the private, not governmental teaching of Arabic and Islamic knowledge. The Europeans generally saw the teaching of Islam and Arabic as medieval with memorisation and indoctrination in contrast to what they deemed modern science and education. Colonial politics of inclusion and exclusion played a role of the tension between Islamic religious knowledge and modern science. Despite the ambivalences and tensions, European colonial and Muslim educators led to the secularisation of education in the Indonesian-Malay world.
University Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.
To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .