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Islam and ColonialismBecoming Modern in Indonesia and Malaya$
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Muhamad Ali

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781474409209

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474409209.001.0001

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date: 21 August 2017

Secularising Education

Secularising Education

Chapter:
(p.256) VIII Secularising Education
Source:
Islam and Colonialism
Author(s):

Muhamad Ali

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474409209.003.0009

It examines the way in which European administrators and educators distinguished religion from secular science and yet promoted vernacular languages and cultures while tolerating the private, not governmental teaching of Arabic and Islamic knowledge. The Europeans generally saw the teaching of Islam and Arabic as medieval with memorisation and indoctrination in contrast to what they deemed modern science and education. Colonial politics of inclusion and exclusion played a role of the tension between Islamic religious knowledge and modern science. Despite the ambivalences and tensions, European colonial and Muslim educators led to the secularisation of education in the Indonesian-Malay world.

Keywords:   Western education, Eastern education, Islamic Education, Arabic, Teacher Ordinance, Intelligentsia, English, Malay Language

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