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Pagans and PhilosophersThe Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz$
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John Marenbon

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780691142555

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.001.0001

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date: 13 December 2017

The Salvation of Pagans, 1400–1700

The Salvation of Pagans, 1400–1700

Chapter:
(p.281) Chapter 14 The Salvation of Pagans, 1400–1700
Source:
Pagans and Philosophers
Author(s):

John Marenbon

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0015

This chapter examines how sixteenth- and seventeenth-century theologians faced a new theological challenge in light of new evidence that there exists millions of virtuous pagans who had had no chance of hearing about Christianity (labelled here as ‘invincibly ignorant pagans’). This challenge emerged from the discovery of America and other lands at the end of the fifteenth century, revealing yet new territories where, to all appearances, Christianity had never been preached. However the chapter shows that, on some fifteenth-century treatments of pagan salvation, and on seventeenth-century treatments of illustrious ancient pagans, this new challenge was not entirely new, and that the older lines of discussion were continued, though in a modern format.

Keywords:   salvation, virtuous pagans, theological challenges, pagan salvation, ancient pagans, Problem of Paganism

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