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The Seven Tengu ScrollsEvil and the Rhetoric of Legitimacy in Medieval Japanese Buddhism$
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Haruko Wakabayashi

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780824834166

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824834166.001.0001

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date: 20 August 2017

Tengudō, the Realm of Tengu

Tengudō, the Realm of Tengu

Chapter:
(p.32) 2Tengudō, the Realm of Tengu
Source:
The Seven Tengu Scrolls
Author(s):

Haruko Wakabayashi

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824834166.003.0003

This chapter analyzes the concepts of mado and tengudo, developed by the Buddhist clergy as one of the many solutions to the degenerations of the Final Age. For those who sought salvation, the difficulty of attaining their goal during such troubling times encouraged the creation of new practices and interpretations of the Buddha's teachings. It was during this apocalyptic era that the concepts of mado and tengudo emerged. Tengudo, also referred to as mado, was a realm reserved for Buddhist practitioners who had failed to overcome the temptations of evil and could not attain ojo. As Buddhists, they did not fall into one of the three evil realms but into the realm of demons, where they could continue their practice and achieve enlightenment. Thus, tengudo was created as an alternative path for those who practiced Buddhism.

Keywords:   tengudo, mado, Buddhist clergy, Final Age, demons, Buddhist practitioners, ojo

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