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Hokkeji and the Reemergence of Female Monastic Orders in Premodern Japan$
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Lori R. Meeks

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780824833947

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824833947.001.0001

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date: 17 August 2017

Social and Economic Life at Hokkeji and Its Branch Convents

Social and Economic Life at Hokkeji and Its Branch Convents

Chapter:
(p.156) 5 Social and Economic Life at Hokkeji and Its Branch Convents
Source:
Hokkeji and the Reemergence of Female Monastic Orders in Premodern Japan
Author(s):

Lori Meeks

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824833947.003.0006

This chapter examines social and economic life at Hokkeji during the height of its medieval restoration. Surviving records suggest that the women who entered the convent as nuns, novices, and members of the lay and semi-lay orders joined a complex religious society that interacted with the laity and with other segments of the Ritsu order in very public ways. The nuns of Hokkeji were not only active as institution builders, aiding in the establishment of branch convents and contributing to fund-raising projects that benefited the entire Ritsu group, they also performed significant ritual duties on behalf of the lay community. Indeed, the bikuni ordained at Hokkeji envisioned themselves not as private devotees of the Buddhist tradition but rather as professional members of the clergy.

Keywords:   Hokkeji restoration, religious society, Ritsu order, Hokkeji nuns, branch convents, ritual duties, Hokkeji bikuni, Buddhist tradition

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