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Destiny's LandfallA History of Guam, Revised Edition$
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Robert F. Rogers

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780824833343

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.21313/hawaii/9780824833343.001.0001

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date: 18 June 2018

Under the Organic Act 1950–1970

Under the Organic Act 1950–1970

Chapter:
(p.206) Chapter 13 Under the Organic Act 1950–1970
Source:
Destiny's Landfall
Author(s):

Robert F. Rogers

Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:10.21313/hawaii/9780824833343.003.0013

This chapter highlights the transformations taking place in Guam after the passage of the Organic Act, 1950. The Organic Act, passed by the U.S. Congress without a vote on it by the people of Guam, made Guamanians U.S. citizens, established civilian government, and remains the basic law of the island until the local people approve a constitution of their own. The first few years after passage of the Organic Act produced an intense but progressive governmental transformation on Guam. Prior to the act, the navy administered Guam as a military base with the island’s civil government of minor priority within the military chain of command in the Pacific under CINCPAC in Hawaiʻi. After the act, the island government’s responsibilities expanded with direct civilian links to the Congress and to the executive branch.

Keywords:   Organic Act, civilian government, governmental transformation, political developments, U.S. citizenship

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