The Bourbon Monarchy Falls Twice
This chapter examines the two revolutions that caused the downfall of the Bourbon monarchy in France in 1792 and again in 1830. It begins with an overview of the Parisian police and its responsibilities, along with the royal structure for public order. It then considers the use of the royal army to deal with public disturbances and goes on to describe the geography of Paris before Baron Georges-Eugène Hausmann rebuilt the city for Napoleon III in the 1850s and 1860s. It also discusses the causes of revolutions in France and the different patterns of behavior or types of threat that a regime might face. Finally, it explains the causes and events leading to the French Revolution that overthrew the Bourbons in 1792, the return of the brothers of the executed King Louis XVI to rule France under a self-imposed form of constitutional monarchy in 1814 and 1815, and the July Revolution of 1830 that led to the collapse of the Bourbon monarchy for the second time.
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