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Freedom's GardenerJames F. Brown, Horticulture, and the Hudson Valley in Antebellum America$

Myra B. Young Armstead

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780814705100

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814705100.001.0001

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(p.39) Part II Free Man and Free Laborer

(p.39) Part II Free Man and Free Laborer

Freedom's Gardener
NYU Press

After 1829, James F. Brown was legally free and came to enjoy, along with Julia, a measure of economic security. During his life as a free man, he could claim several positive experiences in the workplace—membership in an occupational fraternity of sorts, upward mobility in a competitive labor market, affirmation of his moral rectitude, and escape from wage slavery. He accomplished these things as a successful gardener for the Verplancks at the family’s Mount Gulian estate. (p.40)