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Women in and out of paid workChanges across generations in Italy and Britain$
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Cristina Solera

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9781861349309

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861349309.001.0001

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date: 20 August 2017

Conceptualising influences on women’s employment transitions: from various sociological and economic theories towards an integrated approach

Conceptualising influences on women’s employment transitions: from various sociological and economic theories towards an integrated approach

Chapter:
(p.14) (p.15) Two Conceptualising influences on women’s employment transitions: from various sociological and economic theories towards an integrated approach
Source:
Women in and out of paid work
Author(s):

Cristina Solera

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781861349309.003.0002

Women's labour market participation, marriage, fertility behaviour and, generally, gender roles changed dramatically during the second half of the twentieth century. Such changes have dominated the academic and political debate and generated an enormous body of empirical and theoretical literature. This chapter reviews various theories to identify the different potential micro and macro determinants of women's employment patterns, and to propose an integrated approach that considers the interplay among supply-side, demand-side, cultural, material, and institutional factors. It considers the effects of education, wages, and class; effects of preferences, social norms, and moral rationalities; effects of the family; effects of the welfare state; and labour market effects.

Keywords:   labour market participation, education, wages, class, social norms, family, welfare state

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