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Young people in EuropeLabour markets and citizenship$
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Harriet Bradley and Jacques van Hoof

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9781861345882

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861345882.001.0001

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date: 18 August 2017

Excluded youth or young citizens? Ethnicity, young people and the labour market in three EU countries

Excluded youth or young citizens? Ethnicity, young people and the labour market in three EU countries

Chapter:
(p.136) (p.137) SEVEN Excluded youth or young citizens? Ethnicity, young people and the labour market in three EU countries
Source:
Young people in Europe
Author(s):

Gary Craig

Hans Dietrich

Jerome Gautié

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781861345882.003.0008

This chapter evaluates the process of entry into the labour market for young people of divergent ethnicities in three countries – the UK, France, and Germany – with various traditions, legal frameworks, and understandings of citizenship. It notes that discrimination based on ethnic origin and skin colour is widespread in national labour markets throughout Europe and structures: the opportunities which young people have as they leave school; the choices open to them in education, employment, and training; and qualifications and career prospects. The chapter examines ways in which young people's experience as they enter the labour market is moulded by their ethnicity. It demonstrates how issues of employability, ethnicity, and citizenship for young people interact in these three countries. Lastly, the chapter raises vital research and policy questions for these countries in particular, but also for the European Union as a whole.

Keywords:   European Union, ethnicity, labour market, UK, France, Germany, young people, employability, citizenship

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