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Young people in EuropeLabour markets and citizenship$
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Harriet Bradley and Jacques van Hoof

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9781861345882

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861345882.001.0001

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date: 19 August 2017

Fractured transitions: the changing context of young people’s labour market situations in Europe

Fractured transitions: the changing context of young people’s labour market situations in Europe

Chapter:
(p.243) Conclusion Fractured transitions: the changing context of young people’s labour market situations in Europe
Source:
Young people in Europe
Author(s):

Harriet Bradley

Jacques van Hoof

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781861345882.003.0013

This chapter discusses some general issues from the findings presented in this book. It upholds that global economic change has caused the fracturing of youth transitions that have become lengthened and precarious. Young people across Europe are vulnerable to unemployment, insecure employment, and low wages. The chapter notes that the characteristic responses to these problems involve the provision of youth programmes based on principles of activation, the development of dualized systems of academic and vocational education, the encouragement of young people to stay on longer in education, and the greater involvement of families in providing material support for young people through the transition. It concludes that youth policies are gradually being framed in a rhetoric of dealing with individual problems which, although they may indeed help some young individuals, are hardly adequate to tackle the structural problems of neo-liberal economic systems.

Keywords:   young people, labour market, Europe, unemployment, insecure employment, low wages, families, longer education, economic system, youth programmes

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