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Young people in EuropeLabour markets and citizenship$
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Harriet Bradley and Jacques van Hoof

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9781861345882

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861345882.001.0001

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date: 24 August 2017

Introduction

Introduction

Chapter:
(p.1) Introduction
Source:
Young people in Europe
Author(s):

Jacques van Hoof

Harriet Bradley

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781861345882.003.0001

This chapter discusses that youth unemployment in Europe has brought about the creation of several policy initiatives to reduce the said predicament. It explains that youth unemployment varies among European countries and declined during the period 1997–2003. The chapter argues that flexibilisation processes have led to the growth of part-time, temporary work and dead-end jobs. This, together with low youth wages, leads to low incomes that are generally insufficient to secure an independent existence. It explains that young minority ethnic people, those from less-privileged social-class backgrounds. and, in some respects, young women, are more exposed to labour-market risks, while middle-class men from majority ethnic backgrounds have crucial advantages in terms of economic, cultural, and social capital to cushion them against risk-laden labour-market activities.

Keywords:   youth unemployment, Europe, flexibilisation, low income, youth wages, minority ethnic people, labour-market risks, social class

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