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Running on emptyTransport, social exclusion and environmental justice.$
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Karen Lucas

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9781861345707

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861345707.001.0001

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date: 22 October 2018

Conclusions from the US experience

Conclusions from the US experience

(p.280) (p.281) Fourteen Conclusions from the US experience
Running on empty

Karen Lucas

Policy Press

This chapter summarises the main points raised in the US chapters and draws out some key issues and concerns in relation to the approach that is being applied to the transport-equity agenda in the USA. The US case studies have shown that there has been a gradual shift towards both formal government recognition of the problem and policy commitment to resolving it. The question is whether this has made a visible difference on the ground. There are numerous contributory factors in transportation disadvantage, including people not being able to afford their own vehicle; lack of public transportation to and from work; lack of childcare; no public transportation in rural areas; and the job market locating further distances from the centres of cities and urban sprawl. Equally evident, given the multiple and complex nature of the problem, is that there is no single solution.

Keywords:   environmental justice, transport equity, USA, transportation disadvantage, public transportation

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