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World povertyNew policies to defeat an old enemy$
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Peter Townsend and David Gordon

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9781861343956

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861343956.001.0001

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date: 18 August 2017

A European definition of poverty: the fight against poverty and social exclusion in the member states of the European Union

A European definition of poverty: the fight against poverty and social exclusion in the member states of the European Union

Chapter:
(p.118) (p.119) FIVE A European definition of poverty: the fight against poverty and social exclusion in the member states of the European Union
Source:
World poverty
Author(s):

Bernd Schulte

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781861343956.003.0006

This chapter explains what anti-poverty policies have been developed in Europe. It describes minimum incomes, access to the labour market, and access to social services. The chapter also describes the first, second, and third European anti-poverty programmes from 1975 to 1994. The intentions of the anti-poverty programmes were to stimulate political debate in the member countries, exchange information and experience of different policies, monitor poverty, and coordinate activities in the different countries to combat poverty. Income poverty remained the dominant feature of the conditions investigated. Meanwhile, social exclusion was best understood as a denial of basic rights or social citizenship. Modern conditions seemed to have reduced the effectiveness of social-security systems. There is a gap between the principles of equity or justice and the actual implementation of an administrative system of benefit.

Keywords:   social exclusion, anti-poverty policies, Europe, social services, labour-market access, income poverty

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