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World povertyNew policies to defeat an old enemy$
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Peter Townsend and David Gordon

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9781861343956

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861343956.001.0001

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date: 17 August 2017

Urban poverty in China: incidence and policy responses1

Urban poverty in China: incidence and policy responses1

Chapter:
(p.296) (p.297) TWELVE Urban poverty in China: incidence and policy responses1
Source:
World poverty
Author(s):

Athar Hussain

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781861343956.003.0013

This chapter describes new research on urban poverty in China, which has the largest population in the world. It sets out to answer two sets of questions. First, how many urban poor are there in China, and what percentage of the urban population do they represent? Second, what social safety nets are there to rescue the urban population from poverty? In order to answer the first set of questions, the chapter draws upon urban household data collected by the Chinese National Bureau of Statistics. It answers the second set of questions in terms of an assessment of the two income-maintenance schemes that serve as supports of the social safety net for the urban population. The key policies for the urban poor in China are the Minimum Living Standard Scheme (MLSS), a recent addition, and a longer-established social-security package that includes social insurance.

Keywords:   China, urban poverty, food poverty line, Bureau of Statistics, social safety net, MLSS

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