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Welfare and wellbeingRichard Titmuss's contribution to social policy$
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Pete Alcock, Howard Glennerster, and Ann Oakley

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9781861342997

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861342997.001.0001

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date: 16 August 2017

War and social policy

War and social policy

Chapter:
(p.71) Chapter Three War and social policy
Source:
Welfare and wellbeing
Author(s):

Tania Burchardt

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781861342997.003.0008

This chapter presents Titmuss's ‘War and social policy’ (originally delivered as a lecture at King's College London in 1955 and reprinted here) which takes a longer historical perspective, touching even on the progressive policies of the Ancient Greeks during the Persian invasion of 480 BC. It outlines four stages in the relationship between waging war and the development of welfare provision: in the first stage, the growing scale of war prompted concerns about population quantity during the early and mid-19th century in Britain; in the second state, as the techniques of war became more demanding of soldiers both physically and psychologically, attention shifted from quantity to quality; the Boer War marks the beginning of the third stage, where concern about the fitness of fighting men is generalised to the whole population; the fourth stage is reached when direct participation in war is no longer restricted to soldiers but involves civilians in large numbers.

Keywords:   Persian invasion, social policy, war, welfare provision, population quantity, Ancient Greeks, Boer War, soldiers, civilians

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