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Changing labour markets, welfare policies and citizenship$
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Jørgen Goul Andersen and Per H. Jensen

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9781861342720

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861342720.001.0001

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date: 16 August 2017

Movements by the unemployed in France and social protection: the Fonds d'urgence sociale experience

Movements by the unemployed in France and social protection: the Fonds d'urgence sociale experience

Chapter:
(p.208) (p.209) Ten Movements by the unemployed in France and social protection: the Fonds d'urgence sociale experience
Source:
Changing labour markets, welfare policies and citizenship
Author(s):

Bouget Denis

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781861342720.003.0010

This chapter focuses on the short period of social evolution in France; the protests of the unemployed between 1997 to 1998, the reaction of the French government which led to the distribution of one million French franc to the claimants through the form of social relief called Fonds d'urgence sociale (FUS) and its consequences for the social welfare system. The first section of the chapter discusses reasons for the potential conflict between the French social welfare system and the unemployed. It places emphasis on the confused relationship between solidarity and citizenship. The second section discusses the history of the movements of the unemployed in France. It discusses their demonstrations, their association with other new social movements and the dissatisfaction that spurred their specific claims as a result of the Juppé plan and strikes in 1995. The third section analyses the social policy responses and the government decisions regarding the demonstrations of 1998. It specifically focuses on the creation and the management of the FUS, which affirms the shift towards a residualised model of citizenship. The chapter ends with a discussion of general lessons to be learnt on the long-term changes and the consequences of these protests.

Keywords:   social evolution, France, unemployed, social relief, Fonds d'urgence sociale, social welfare system, French social welfare

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