This chapter presents conventional poverty estimates for Australia to show its magnitude and how its incidence varies across socioeconomic groups. It compares Estimates of Australian poverty with estimates for other OECD countries, as a way of highlighting what is different about Australia and, in a rudimentary way, to reflect on how these differences relate to different welfare state regimes and policy approaches. It notes that a key component of any poverty study is a poverty line, which provides a benchmark that is used to identify who is poor according to whether income is below or above the line. It mentions one of Australia's oldest welfare agencies, the Brotherhood of St Laurence, established during the Great Depression with the goal of ending social injustice by fighting for an Australia free of poverty. It notes that the agency conducts and sponsors research on poverty and disadvantage with a view to developing new measures that can inform and assist in these tasks.
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