This chapter describes the educational attainment of children across the UK. It examines how attainment varies by age, gender, ethnicity and social class. Additionally, it reviews how schoolchildren feel about their well-being at school by drawing attention to the research findings from The Children's Society survey on young people's well-being and the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey. Research findings on the relationship between social background and educational outcome are also briefly reported. The chapter then elaborates the prevalence of educational disaffection through reviewing data on truancy, school exclusion and young people not in education, employment or training (NEET). The latest data and analysis on special educational needs (SEN) are finally shown. There is no sign of improvement in educational mobility of children from a lower social class background, and this in turn is likely to work against the government's efforts in promoting social mobility.
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