Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Children and young people in custodyManaging the risk$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Maggie Blyth, Chris Wright, and Robert Newman

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9781847422613

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847422613.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of
date: 17 August 2017

Young people and parole: risk aware or risk averse?

Young people and parole: risk aware or risk averse?

Chapter:
(p.83) 7 Young people and parole: risk aware or risk averse?
Source:
Children and young people in custody
Author(s):

Hazel Kemshall

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781847422613.003.0008

The United Kingdom currently has one of the highest juvenile prison populations in Western Europe. This is against a backdrop of falling crime rates but heightened public, media and political perceptions to the contrary. The Commissioner for Human Rights noted that ‘juvenile trouble-makers’ in the UK were ‘too rapidly drawn into the criminal justice system and young offenders are too readily placed in detention’. The decade following the murder of Jamie Bulger in the UK saw a ‘punitive populist’ response to youth crime, with a doubling of custodial sentences since 1992, in a decade that has seen youth crime decrease by 16 percent. Perceived scandals and crises in parole and the community management of offenders (including young offenders) have also resulted in an increased tightening of the system. Corrective actions can create a risk-averse culture (and are often the product of a politically risk-averse culture). Over time, there is potential for the balance to move from calculated risk taking to risk aversion, from defensibility to defensiveness.

Keywords:   United Kingdom, young people, parole, risk taking, risk aversion, youth crime, offenders

University Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .