During Bulgaria's political and economic transition, changes in its political institutions have been rapid and fundamental. However, Bulgaria's socioeconomic systems have changed much more slowly mainly due to the inherited backward structures from pre-socialist and socialist times, the locational disadvantage of the country, general instability in the Balkans and discontinuities in the government's process of privatisation and orientation to a market economy. During Bulgaria's period of transformation, two major tendencies in its education system developed: the phenomenon of students dropping out from school emerged and has resulted in a group of citizens with little or no education; and an increased interest in university education. The transition period has negatively affected the welfare system — its resources are very limited and have decreased during the period of transformation. Bulgaria's welfare system could not compensate the groups experiencing declining living conditions with the economic difficulties that began in the 1990s.
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