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Europe enlargedA handbook of education, labour and welfare regimes in Central and Eastern Europe$
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Irena Kogan, Michael Gebel, and Clemens Noelke

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9781847420640

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847420640.001.0001

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date: 17 August 2017

Social protection, inequality and labour market risks in Central and Eastern Europe

Social protection, inequality and labour market risks in Central and Eastern Europe

Chapter:
(p.63) Three Social protection, inequality and labour market risks in Central and Eastern Europe
Source:
Europe enlarged
Author(s):

Noelke Clemens

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781847420640.003.0004

This chapter traces the impact of the transition on individual welfare by drawing on a variety of institutional and structural indicators comparable across countries and time. It focuses particularly on the emerging labour market risks, unemployment and poverty, how these are distributed across the population, and what policy measures have been taken to protect individuals from these risks. The chapter begins by outlining the system of social protection under socialism in light of the reform challenges that the transition to capitalism posed to social policy makers. It follows with an overview of levels and trends of material welfare in CEE countries since the transition, as well as a description of how income, unemployment and poverty risks are distributed over the population.

Keywords:   individual welfare, unemployment, labour market risks, socialism, social protection, CEE countries

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