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Zero tolerance policing$
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Maurice Punch

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9781847420558

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847420558.001.0001

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date: 23 August 2017

The New York ‘miracle’

The New York ‘miracle’

Chapter:
(p.12) (p.13) 2 The New York ‘miracle’
Source:
Zero tolerance policing
Author(s):

Maurice Punch

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781847420558.003.0002

In the 1990s, the United States was enjoying economic prosperity, however there were two things afflicting the most powerful and wealthy country in the world. First, urban America was afflicted by high levels of crime and there was a widespread fear of crime. Second, some parts of the nation were suffering from appalling deprivation. The difference between private affluence and public squalor was stark and the conditions of the ghetto paralleled those of developing countries. Crime and urban blight was spoiling the American success story, however, things were about to change. This chapter discusses New York's criminological miracle which was spurred by three main factors: the implication of crime and disorder in economic life and the reputation of the city; the election of Guiliani who was determined to leave a mark on the city; and the leadership of William Bratton. Together, Bratton and Guiliani tackled New York's crime problem. They introduced zero tolerance policing and in the 1980s the expression entered political parlance as a term for resolute and unbending policy. In this chapter, the focus is on Bratton's strategy and policing methods. It discusses Bratton and his method of policing the city's subway system; Bratton and his method of reforming the corrupted and demoralized New York Police Department (NYPD); Bratton and his theory of ‘fixing broken windows’; and growing popularity and public acceptance of the zero tolerance policing (ZTP).

Keywords:   United States, New York, William Bratton, crime problem, zero tolerance policing, New York Police Department, fixing broken windows

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