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Policy for a changeLocal labour market analysis and gender equality$
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Sue Yeandle

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9781847420541

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847420541.001.0001

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date: 23 August 2017

Job design and working hours: key sources of gender inequality

Job design and working hours: key sources of gender inequality

Chapter:
(p.117) Seven Job design and working hours: key sources of gender inequality
Source:
Policy for a change
Author(s):

Linda Grant

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781847420541.003.0007

This chapter examines the formal approaches to job design and more informal workplace decisions, processes, and practices relating to the structure and content of part-time jobs. These factors increase the tendency for women to experience economic disadvantage and poor-quality working lives, and play an important role in sustaining and reinforcing gender inequalities in employment. The chapter then explains the reasons why, in many workplaces, employers approach the design of part-time jobs in a distinct way. There are a number of features of part-time jobs that contribute to their poor quality. The design of part-time jobs and their location in workplace hierarchies are outcomes of a range of formal and informal management decisions and practices. Low pay, limited opportunities for training and promotion, restriction of tasks, limited responsibility, independence and autonomy, and the lack of flexibility in working hours all highlight the poor quality of part-time jobs.

Keywords:   job design, working hours, gender inequalities, employment, part-time jobs, workplaces

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