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Being a Scholar in the Digital EraTransforming Scholarly Practice for the Public Good$
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Jessie Daniels and Polly Thistlethwaite

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447329251

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447329251.001.0001

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date: 19 August 2017

Measuring scholarly impact

Measuring scholarly impact

Chapter:
(p.109) Six Measuring scholarly impact
Source:
Being a Scholar in the Digital Era
Author(s):

Jessie Daniels

Polly Thistlethwaite

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447329251.003.0006

In this chapter, we explore the issue of metrics through the stories of two key individuals: Anurag Acharya and Eugene Garfield. In the early 2000s, Anurag Acharya, a co-creator of Google Scholar, left the academy to collaboratively develop digital technologies that impact higher education research. In the 1950s, similarly, Eugene Garfield developed the current system of citation analysis and bibliometrics. Somewhat ironically, though both these innovations have outsized impact on how scholarly research is evaluated, standard forms of evaluation within higher education have no way to evaluate the impact large scale applied projects such as Acharya’s and Garfield’s. New ways to assign value to scholarship, ‘altmetrics’ that include counting search engine metrics, institutional repository and open syllabus downloads, may replay some of the problems with earlier quantitative measures. Considering a shift from transactional to transformational metrics may offer a way to be responsive to social justice goals in academic review.

Keywords:   metrics, altmetrics, citation analysis, forms of evaluation, higher education, transactional, transformational

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