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Restructuring public transport through Bus Rapid TransitAn international and interdisciplinary perspective$
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Juan Carlos Munoz and Laurel Paget-Seekins

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447326168

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447326168.001.0001

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date: 23 August 2017

BRT as a tool for negotiated re-regulation

BRT as a tool for negotiated re-regulation

Chapter:
(p.51) Four BRT as a tool for negotiated re-regulation
Source:
Restructuring public transport through Bus Rapid Transit
Author(s):

Onesimo Flores Dewey

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447326168.003.0004

Loosely regulated consortia of vehicle owners, who coordinate services but retain individual management of their vehicles, are the main suppliers of public transportation in many cities in the global south. Where this industry structure is prevalent, public transport service tends to be ubiquitous and relatively affordable to users, but at the expense of air pollution, comfort, congestion and safety. Government authorities often battle against these private entrepreneurs, and consider their replacement with professionalized, corporatised and better-capitalised firms a key objective. However as the dust settles these consortia seem to re-emerge, particularly when reform efforts result in decaying service or rising operational costs. The implementation of Bus Rapid Transit and Integrated Systems is no exception. This chapter explores the evolution of transport reform efforts in Mexico City and Santiago, Chile, including BRT, highlighting how authorities ultimately decided to strategically leverage ‘inefficiencies’ provided by incumbent operators, for both political and financial reasons. These cases suggest that the messy cycle of public-private conflict and collaboration that usually precedes implementation of transport reforms like BRT may be critical to develop institutional capacities needed to restructure public transport.

Keywords:   bus reform, public transportation, mexico city, Santiago, chile

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