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Restructuring public transport through Bus Rapid TransitAn international and interdisciplinary perspective$
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Juan Carlos Munoz and Laurel Paget-Seekins

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447326168

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447326168.001.0001

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date: 22 August 2017

The path toward integrated systems

The path toward integrated systems

Chapter:
(p.31) Three The path toward integrated systems
Source:
Restructuring public transport through Bus Rapid Transit
Author(s):

Darío Hidalgo

Juan Carlos Munoz

Juan Miguel Velásquez

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447326168.003.0003

Integration is one important element to advance higher quality service delivery, but advancing transit integration has proven difficult, especially in developing countries. BRT is one tool to use as a stepping stone to build citywide transit networks. Using the cases of Santiago and Bogotá, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages faced by two citywide transit integration pathways: sudden (or “big-bang”) and gradual. Then, with the help of a financial simulation, we show results of different scenarios involving sudden and gradual integration. We also develop an alternative approach: an optimized scenario in which fare integration is applied first without changing routes and bus fleet, and then services are rapidly adjusted according to the actual usage (routes reorganized and bus fleet reduced). The financial analysis shows advantages of the optimized process over the realistic big-bang and gradual approaches. While particular applications may require a customized analysis according to the local characteristics, we suggest considering the optimized process as a valid alternative for citywide transit integration, particularly in a context where regulation is insufficient and multiple private operators are involved. We found that this context is quite common in developing countries.

Keywords:   integration, scenario analysis, developing countries, santiago, bogota

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