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Leading Policing in EuropeAn empirical study of strategic police leadership$
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Bryn Caless and Steve Tong

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781447315728

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447315728.001.0001

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date: 13 December 2017

European Policing in Context

European Policing in Context

Chapter:
(p.27) One European Policing in Context
Source:
Leading Policing in Europe
Author(s):

Bryn Caless

Steve Tong

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447315728.003.0001

The background for the study is given following which the nature of accountability, the selection of strategic police leaders, their promotion and their membership of a ‘closed elite’ are discussed. Six models of policing in Europe are analysed and a historical context given for modern European policing across more than 30 countries. The export of the Napoleonic model across Western Europe accounts for a widespread ‘two force’ system of gendarmerie and national police, and a contrast is drawn with the localised Anglo-Saxon model. Historical police systems, including those from repressive one-party states, are considered before analysis of a European “democracy” model which includes the adoption of human rights. This model is resonant with countries newly emergent from the former Soviet Union.

Keywords:   models, modern, European, justice, history

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