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An equal start?Providing quality early education and care for disadvantaged children$
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Ludovica Gambaro, Kitty Stewart, and Jane Waldfogel

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781447310518

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447310518.001.0001

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date: 20 August 2017

Access and quality issues in early childhood education and care

Access and quality issues in early childhood education and care

The case of Germany

Chapter:
(p.121) Six Access and quality issues in early childhood education and care
Source:
An equal start?
Author(s):

Pamela Oberhuemer

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447310518.003.0006

This chapter examines the extent to which disadvantaged children are able to access high quality early childhood education and care in Germany. Germany is experiencing a rapid expansion of provision in the ECEC sector, particularly in the western part of the country, where levels of provision were traditionally low. All children are now entitled to a nursery or family day care place from the age of three, and that entitlement is to be extended downwards to reach children age one and two. However, thus far, it is mostly higher income families who access ECEC for younger children, in part because mothers in these families are most likely to be employed. Young children with a migration background are much less likely than their peers to be enrolled both before and after age three. The chapter also describes developments to improve the quality of provision, including the innovative work of the National Quality Initiative.

Keywords:   early childhood education, disadvantaged children, ECEC, high quality education and care, Germany, National Quality Initiative

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