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The squeezed middleThe pressure on ordinary workers in America and Britain$
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Sophia Parker

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781447308942

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447308942.001.0001

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date: 20 August 2017

Employment change and economic vulnerability in the us

Employment change and economic vulnerability in the us

Chapter:
(p.61) 2.2 Employment change and economic vulnerability in the us
Source:
The squeezed middle
Author(s):

Françoise Carré

James Heintz

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447308942.003.0005

This chapter discusses the rise of non-standard forms of employment since the 1980s. The authors describe how non-standard employment produces economic vulnerability in a variety of ways: low and irregular earnings, underemployment, frequent unemployment or unstable labour market participation. They note that non-standard arrangements particularly affect women workers as a whole and also disproportionately touch racial/ethnic minorities, primarily African-American workers and Hispanics. The authors emphasise the importance of a rights-based approach to employment to combat these trends.

Keywords:   Service sectors, Low pay, Work, Jobs, Insecurity, Non-standard work, Precarious work, Job quality

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