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"Young people, welfare and crime"Governing non-participation$
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Ross Fergusson

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447307013

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447307013.001.0001

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date: 21 July 2018

Theorising the non-participation-crime relationship

Theorising the non-participation-crime relationship

(p.169) Seven Theorising the non-participation-crime relationship
"Young people, welfare and crime"

Ross Fergusson

Policy Press

This chapter extends the exploration of Habermas’s and Tyler’s theorisations, and those of other theorists, for reinterpreting non-participation and its relationship to crime among young people. It begins by reflecting on how empirical work on the relationship explored in previous chapters has clustered around instrumental and expressive motivations for crime, and considers the additional insights Habermas’s and Tyler’s analyses bring. Other theorists’ work on the ways in which problematised populations can be ‘governed through unemployment’ then leads to a critical assessment of Habermas’s and Tyler’s engagement with concept of governance, which highlights problematically weak distinctions between the concepts of governmentalisation and social control. The congruence between Habermas’s theories of welfare conditionalisation and juridification, and Jonathan Simon’s notions of ‘governing through crime’ suggest alternative interpretations of the non-particiapiton-crime relationship, whereby states find increasingly sophisticated ways of resolving structural problems by requiring specified forms of participation and by using the powers of civil and criminal law to secure them. The governance of unemployment can then be understood as an active means of governing crime preventatively. But the two also thereby become connected in ways that invoke criminalisation as an important concept for understanding the governance of non-participation.

Keywords:   criminalisation, governance, governing through crime, governmentalisation, non-particiapiton-crime relationship, social control, unemployment

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