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"Young people, welfare and crime"Governing non-participation$
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Ross Fergusson

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447307013

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447307013.001.0001

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date: 27 May 2018

Unemployment, crime and recession

Unemployment, crime and recession

(p.119) Five Unemployment, crime and recession
"Young people, welfare and crime"

Ross Fergusson

Policy Press

Chapter Five considers the impact of economic recession on the unemployment-crime relationship. An initial review assesses its historical and recent effects on the incidence of crime and its possible relationship to unemployment. The chapter then puts forward a critical analysis of official data which suggests that, contrary to the economic causes of crime thesis, crime rates among young people in the UK declined during the Global Financial Crisis. This analysis considers changes in policy, practice and recording methods which call these findings into question. In place of inconclusive attempts to interpret the unemployment-crime relationship through changing economic conditions, the chapter shifts focus to international concern about the effects of ubiquitous mass youth non-participation on social cohesion, reviewing evidence of extensive social unrest to argue that understandings of unemployment and crime should take account of expressive and emotional motivations alongside instrumental motivations and the pursuit of rational self-interest on the part of young people.

Keywords:   crime rates, Global Financial Crisis, non-participation, recession, social unrest, unemployment-crime relationship

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