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"Young people, welfare and crime"Governing non-participation$
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Ross Fergusson

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781447307013

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447307013.001.0001

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date: 22 October 2017

Non-participation and crime: constructing connections

Non-participation and crime: constructing connections

Chapter:
(p.87) Four Non-participation and crime: constructing connections
Source:
"Young people, welfare and crime"
Author(s):

Ross Fergusson

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447307013.003.0004

Chapter Four considers the extent and nature of the mooted relationship between ‘being NEET’ (Not in Education, Employment or Training) and crime among young people, as reflected in the Risk Factor Prevention Paradigm and its significant influence on policy discourse. The chapter argues that an exclusively empirical approach to understanding the relationship is unsustainable, and advocates an explicit theorisation of claims of causal connections between non-particiapiton and crime. It reviews the influence of studies based on the economic causes of crime (ECC) thesis on interventionist policies, and develops a critical assessment of several major studies that dispute the tenets of the thesis, partly drawing on the complex distinction between instrumental and expressive crime. Using evidence from these studies Chapter Four emphasises the importance of understanding the unemployment-crime relationship in the context of welfare provision, workfare conditionality and income, and concludes that continuing uncertainties about causality reinforce the need for a major refinement of or retreat from the ECC thesis.

Keywords:   economic causes of crime, ECC, expressive crime, instrumental crime, Not in Education, Employment or Training, NEET, Risk Factor Prevention Paradigm, workfare, unemployment-crime relationship

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