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Policy analysis in Germany$
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Sonja Blum and Klaus Schubert

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781447306252

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447306252.001.0001

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date: 23 August 2017

Local policy processes: economisation, professionalisation, democratisation

Local policy processes: economisation, professionalisation, democratisation

Chapter:
(p.119) Nine Local policy processes: economisation, professionalisation, democratisation
Source:
Policy analysis in Germany
Author(s):

Jörg Bogumil

Claudia Ruddat

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447306252.003.0009

This chapter examines how public policies are designed and implemented on the local level. Besides the federal state and the German Länder the approximately 12,000 German municipalities are constitutionally guaranteed self-governing bodies. As such, they are a separate level in the administrative architecture of the federal state organization. Juristically, however, they are a part of the Länder and therefore subjected to their regulatory law and decisional authority. The specific configuration of municipal functions, powers and structures is defined by the respective state constitution and by the state-authored municipal constitutions. Besides self-administration, the municipalities discharge general state functions delegated to them. These contain mainly tasks in social welfare, public health, economic promotion, transport and public facilities. Hence, the room to manoeuvre for control of the municipal revenues is extremely limited. On the basis of this institutional setting, the authors analyse the characteristics of municipal decision-making processes, as well as their base of knowledge and policy analyses. Processes here are subject to major changes, due to amendments of the respective municipal constitutions, particularly strengthening the role of the mayor and integrating more elements of direct and cooperative democracy. The concepts of consociational and competitive democracy applied to the municipal level allow a structured comparison of local decision-making processes in the different German Länder.

Keywords:   Local Policy Analysis, Local democratisation, New Steering Model, New Public Management

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