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The Retreat of ReasonA dilemma in the philosophy of life$
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Ingmar Persson

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199276905

Published to University Press Scholarship Online: February 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199276900.001.0001

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date: 22 October 2018

INTRODUCTION: SUBJECTIVISM AND OBJECTIVISM

INTRODUCTION: SUBJECTIVISM AND OBJECTIVISM

Chapter:
(p.99) 7 INTRODUCTION: SUBJECTIVISM AND OBJECTIVISM
Source:
The Retreat of Reason
Author(s):

Ingmar Persson (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199276900.003.0008

This chapter explains some distinctions which are central in the theory of practical reasons and value, namely the distinction between objectivism and subjectivism, and the distinction between externalism and internalism. Subjectivist theories take reasons and values to be definable in terms of some relation to desires and/or emotions had under some factually described circumstances. Objectivist theories deny either only the sufficiency of such a condition or both its sufficiency and necessity. By virtue of accepting the necessity of this sort of dependence upon attitudes, subjectivist theories are perforce internalist, whereas objectivist theories could be either internalist or externalist, depending on whether they accept the necessity of this link to attitudes. Objectivism is then distinguished both from inter-subjectivism and realism, which views reasons and values as irreducible.

Keywords:   externalism, internalism, inter-subjectivism, objectivism, practical reasons, realism, subjectivism, value

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