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Imagining the Fetus: The Unborn in Myth, Religion, and Culture

Jane Marie Law and Vanessa R. Sasson

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380040
eISBN:
9780199869077
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380040.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

In contemporary Western culture, the word “fetus” introduces either a political subject or a literal, medicalized entity. Neither of these frameworks gives sufficient credit to the vast array of ... More


The Colossal Fetuses of La Venta and Mesoamerica’s Earliest Creation Story

Carolyn E. Tate

in Imagining the Fetus: The Unborn in Myth, Religion, and Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380040
eISBN:
9780199869077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380040.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

Among the earliest monumental sculptures of the Americas were depictions of the human fetus. Along with representations of the human embryo, sculptures of the fetus were important subjects in the art ... More


A Womb with a View: The Buddha’s Final Fetal Experience

Vanessa R. Sasson

in Imagining the Fetus: The Unborn in Myth, Religion, and Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380040
eISBN:
9780199869077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380040.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

The Buddha’s fetal life was as extraordinary as the rest of his hagiography. He sat ablaze with light in a jeweled palace inside his mother’s womb. He was bathed by deities. He delivered teachings to ... More


Female Feticide in the Punjab and Fetus Imagery in Sikhism

Nikky-Guninder Kaur Singh

in Imagining the Fetus: The Unborn in Myth, Religion, and Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380040
eISBN:
9780199869077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380040.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

With a combination of ancient patriarchal values and twenty-first-century globalization exerting social influence, the proportion of baby girls is declining rapidly in India. Ironically, the ... More


Antigone with(out) Jocaste

Bracha L. Ettinger

in Interrogating Antigone in Postmodern Philosophy and Criticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199559213
eISBN:
9780191594403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559213.003.0013
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The chapter is the third in a series of essays the author has dedicated to Antigone, starting from 1996. This chapter deals with the mother‐and‐daughter matrixial web, and more specifically with the ... More


Impolitic Bodies I: Head, Feet, Face, Womb

Sheila Delany

in Impolitic Bodies: Poetry, Saints, and Society in Fifteenth-Century England: The Work of Osbern Bokenham

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195109887
eISBN:
9780199855216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195109887.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

The chapter begins a detailed discussion of the content of Bokenham's legendary. Most of the female saints featured in Bokenham's legendary can be grouped according to a particular part of the body, ... More


“She Is the Mother and Begetter of the Conquerors”: Pregnancy, Gestation, and Enlightenment

Reiko Ohnuma

in Ties That Bind: Maternal Imagery and Discourse in Indian Buddhism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199915651
eISBN:
9780199950058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199915651.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter examines the use of pregnancy and gestation as metaphors for the attainment of buddhahood by looking at five different “metaphorical pregnancies” that define the Buddhist path. Two of ... More


In Search of Metaphors: Figuring What Cannot Be Defined

Sabine Arnaud

in On Hysteria: The Invention of a Medical Category between 1670 and 1820

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226275543
eISBN:
9780226275680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226275680.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

To compensate for the stated inadequacy of any definition, physicians agreed on how to characterize the pathology through their selection of metaphors. Images such as Proteus, the chameleon, and the ... More


Code, Truth, or Ruse? The Vapors in the Republic of Letters

Sabine Arnaud

in On Hysteria: The Invention of a Medical Category between 1670 and 1820

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226275543
eISBN:
9780226275680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226275680.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Men and women of letters used the description of vaporous fits to exemplify the relationship between body and mind irrespective of medical concerns. This chapter examines how the Republic of Letters ... More


Hospitality of the Matrix: Philosophy, Biomedicine, and Culture

Irina Aristarkhova

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159296
eISBN:
9780231504089
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159296.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The question “Where do we come from?” has fascinated philosophers, scientists, and artists for generations. This book reorients the question of the matrix as a place where everything comes from ... More


Introduction: Constructing Maternal Knowledge

Chris Laoutaris

in Shakespearean Maternities: Crises of Conception in Early Modern England

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748624362
eISBN:
9780748671687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624362.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

Alice E. Adams' Reproducing the Womb: Images of Childbirth in Science, Feminist Theory, and Literature discusses how the march of ‘technologies that permit visual access to the fetus’ threatens to ... More


The Cultural Construct of the Female Body in Classical Greek Science†

Lesley Dean-Jones

in Sex and Difference in Ancient Greece and Rome

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748613199
eISBN:
9780748651016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748613199.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

There is an obvious correlation between genitalia and an individual's role in the propagation of the species, but no culture considers this difference in external genitalia in and of itself ... More


Function and Structure in the Female Body

Yi-Li Wu

in Reproducing Women: Medicine, Metaphor, and Childbirth in Late Imperial China

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520260689
eISBN:
9780520947610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520260689.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter analyzes how late imperial doctors understood matters of the womb, blood, and the ensemble of bodily channels that link these two elements and endow the female body with its procreative ... More


Dogsbody “Marys” His Mother

Mary Lowe-Evans

in Catholic Nostalgia in Joyce and Company

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032856
eISBN:
9780813038643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032856.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter provides a detailed analysis of James Joyce's Catholic nostalgia, particularly his returns to bittersweet memories of his Catholic mother as well as his repeated invocations of ... More


“The True Purefoy Nose”: Medicine, Obstetrics, and the Aesthetics of Reproduction in “Oxen of the Sun”

Vike Martina Plock

in Joyce, Medicine, and Modernity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034232
eISBN:
9780813038803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034232.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

James Joyce's aesthetic interest in medicine becomes very apparent in the “Oxen of the Sun” episode. This chapter, which Joyce wrote between February and May 1920, cultivates associative readings of ... More


Evolutionary Perspectives on Pregnancy

John Avise

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160605
eISBN:
9780231531450
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160605.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Covering both the internal and external incubation of offspring, this book provides a survey of the natural history, ecology, genetics and evolution of pregnancy-like phenomena. It covers a wide ... More


No, Son of My Womb (<i>ma-bar-biṭnî</i>)

Cynthia R. Chapman

in The House of the Mother: The Social Roles of Maternal Kin in Biblical Hebrew Narrative and Poetry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300197945
eISBN:
9780300224801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300197945.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Biblical Hebrew understands a mother to contribute to the physical, ethnic, and character makeup of her child from the time spent in the womb and at the breast to the time spent under her active ... More


The One Who Opens the Womb (<i>peṭer reḥem</i>)

Cynthia R. Chapman

in The House of the Mother: The Social Roles of Maternal Kin in Biblical Hebrew Narrative and Poetry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300197945
eISBN:
9780300224801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300197945.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

When a biblical narrative records a woman’s wish to “be built up” through having a son, it signifies her need for security, economic maintenance, and honor within the house of her husband. Being ... More


The Unborn

Laurence A. Rickels

in Aberrations of Mourning

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816675951
eISBN:
9781452947167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816675951.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter focuses on Freud’s Oedipal interpretation of anxiety. Freud detects in the typical anxiety-producing situations, which range from birth, to separation from the mother, to dread of ... More


Mother-Machine and the Hospitality of Nursing

Irina Aristarkhova

in Hospitality of the Matrix: Philosophy, Biomedicine, and Culture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159296
eISBN:
9780231504089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159296.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses how the path to analyzing the matrix as nutrix (that which nurtures) is situated along the topic of ectogenesis, or mother as machine. It seeks to understand the construction ... More


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