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Election Reform and (the Lack of) Electoral System Change in the USA

Shaun Bowler and Todd Donovan

in To Keep or To Change First Past The Post?: The Politics of Electoral Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539390
eISBN:
9780191715761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539390.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Electoral reform in the US sees a great deal of experimentation in electoral reform at the local level but almost none at the national level. Explaining the lack of change in electoral institutions ... More


Winning Isn't Everything: Losers' Consent and Democratic Legitimacy

Christopher J. Anderson, André Blais, Shaun Bowler, Todd Donovan, and Ola Listhaug

in Losers' Consent: Elections and Democratic Legitimacy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199276387
eISBN:
9780191602719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276382.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Provides an overview of the argument. Describes how elections produce unequal outcomes—for some to win, others have to lose. Also highlights the importance of losers’ consent for understanding ... More


Political Legitimacy and the Winner–Loser Gap

Christopher J. Anderson, André Blais, Shaun Bowler, Todd Donovan, and Ola Listhaug

in Losers' Consent: Elections and Democratic Legitimacy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199276387
eISBN:
9780191602719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276382.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Although political scientists have recognized the importance of election outcomes for how people feel about the democratic political process for some time, few have systematically examined the effect ... More


The Winner–Loser Gap: Contours and Boundaries

Christopher J. Anderson, André Blais, Shaun Bowler, Todd Donovan, and Ola Listhaug

in Losers' Consent: Elections and Democratic Legitimacy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199276387
eISBN:
9780191602719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276382.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Investigates the gap in winners’ and losers’ attitudes with regard to different kinds of attitudes about the political system across established and newly emerging democracies. The results show that ... More


The Dynamics of Losers' Consent: Persistence and Change in the Winner–Loser Gap

Christopher J. Anderson, André Blais, Shaun Bowler, Todd Donovan, and Ola Listhaug

in Losers' Consent: Elections and Democratic Legitimacy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199276387
eISBN:
9780191602719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276382.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Traces the dynamics of losers’ and winners’ attitudes about the political system along three dimensions—before and after an election, over the course of electoral cycles, and over long periods of ... More


Individual Differences in Losers' Consent

Christopher J. Anderson, André Blais, Shaun Bowler, Todd Donovan, and Ola Listhaug

in Losers' Consent: Elections and Democratic Legitimacy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199276387
eISBN:
9780191602719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276382.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

While winning and losing are experienced by individuals and create a lens through which citizens view politics, in this chapter we examine whether individuals’ political predispositions, measured by ... More


Winning and Losing in Old and New Democracies

Christopher J. Anderson, André Blais, Shaun Bowler, Todd Donovan, and Ola Listhaug

in Losers' Consent: Elections and Democratic Legitimacy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199276387
eISBN:
9780191602719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276382.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Examines the dimensions of losers’ consent in old and new democracies. We expect that losing has stronger negative effects in new democracies relative to mature democracies since losers have not yet ... More


How Political Institutions Shape Losers' Consent

Christopher J. Anderson, André Blais, Shaun Bowler, Todd Donovan, and Ola Listhaug

in Losers' Consent: Elections and Democratic Legitimacy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199276387
eISBN:
9780191602719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276382.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The authors examine how formal political institutions mute or amplify the impact of losing on attitudes toward the political system. They can do so in one of several ways: by defining the rules of ... More


Comparing Losers' Assessments of Electoral Democracy

Christopher J. Anderson, André Blais, Shaun Bowler, Todd Donovan, and Ola Listhaug

in Losers' Consent: Elections and Democratic Legitimacy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199276387
eISBN:
9780191602719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276382.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Examines losers’ evaluations of electoral democracy. The data show that more losers are satisfied with the functioning of democracy than dissatisfied, an overwhelming majority believes that the most ... More


Losing and Support for Institutional Change

Christopher J. Anderson, André Blais, Shaun Bowler, Todd Donovan, and Ola Listhaug

in Losers' Consent: Elections and Democratic Legitimacy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199276387
eISBN:
9780191602719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276382.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Examines the question of whether electoral losers will try to change the rules of the game or will stop participating in politics altogether. Expectations of future loss are likely to have an ... More


Pendulum Democracy: The Winner Takes All

Frank Hendriks

in Vital Democracy: A Theory of Democracy in Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572786
eISBN:
9780191722370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572786.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

Pendulum democracy refers to the model of democracy in which political power alternates between two competing political parties or protagonists. Power follows the movement of the pendulum, and the ... More


Uneven Outcomes and Growing Inequalities

Robin M. Leichenko and Karen L. O'Brien

in Environmental Change and Globalization: Double Exposures

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195177329
eISBN:
9780199869800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177329.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter explores the uneven consequences of global environmental change and globalization for agriculture and rural livelihoods. The first part of the chapter examines two of the most ... More


 Going, Going …

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The most successful area of game theory is auction design. This chapter offers a short review of the subject. Various traditional auctions are described. After showing that most of these generate the ... More


Elections with Multiple Parties

Jonathan Bendor, Daniel Diermeier, David A. Siegel, and Michael M. Ting

in A Behavioral Theory of Elections

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135076
eISBN:
9781400836802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135076.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter extends the model used for two-party elections to multiparty democracies. It first considers the module models for party competition and voter turnout to see what modifications are ... More


Auctions II: Dependent Values

James Bergin

in Microeconomic Theory: A Concise Course

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280292
eISBN:
9780191602498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280290.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Considers auctions with non-independent valuations. Equilibrium bidding behaviour in the first price, second price, and English auctions is characterized. Revenue comparisons are given, showing that ... More


Inefficient Markets: The Third Theme

Hersh Shefrin

in Beyond Greed and Fear: Understanding Behavioral Finance and the Psychology of Investing

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195161212
eISBN:
9780199832996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161211.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Markets are efficient when prices coincide with intrinsic value. Heuristic‐driven bias and frame dependence combine to render markets inefficient. Representativeness leads to the winner–loser effect, ... More


Picking Stocks to Beat the Market

Hersh Shefrin

in Beyond Greed and Fear: Understanding Behavioral Finance and the Psychology of Investing

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195161212
eISBN:
9780199832996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161211.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The third theme of behavioral finance is inefficient markets. In recent years scholars have produced considerable evidence that heuristic‐driven bias and frame dependence cause markets to be ... More


The Money Management Industry: Framing Effects, Style “Diversification,” and Regret

Hersh Shefrin

in Beyond Greed and Fear: Understanding Behavioral Finance and the Psychology of Investing

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195161212
eISBN:
9780199832996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161211.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Placing funds with an active money manager is typically a bad bet. Yet, institutions continue to hire active money managers. Why? The short answer is that the individuals who serve on institutional ... More


Healing in African Pentecostalism: The “Victorious Living” of David Oyedepo

Paul Gifford

in Global Pentecostal and Charismatic Healing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195393408
eISBN:
9780199894390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393408.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Focusing on Living Faith Church Worldwide, or Winners’ Chapel, founded by David Oyedopo in Lagos, Nigeria, with 400 branches in thirty-eight African countries, this chapter argues that the defining ... More


The psychology of common value auctions

Samuel M. McClure and Wouter van den Bos

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

One of the most interesting but unresolved phenomena in auction behaviour is the winner's curse — the strong tendency of participants to bid more than rational agent theory prescribes, often at a ... More


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