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Working the Weather: A Shift in the Life of a Weather Forecaster

Phaedra Daipha

in Masters of Uncertainty: Weather Forecasters and the Quest for Ground Truth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226298542
eISBN:
9780226298719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226298719.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter takes the reader on a tour of a NWS forecasting office’s ecology, operations, and culture to ultimately settle into a discussion of the basic routine of a forecast shift—from the moment ... More


Anticipating the Future: Temporal Regimes of Meteorological Decision Making

Phaedra Daipha

in Masters of Uncertainty: Weather Forecasters and the Quest for Ground Truth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226298542
eISBN:
9780226298719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226298719.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Turning to the temporal dimensions of meteorological decision-making, this chapter identifies two principles underlying the logic of weather forecasting practice: risk and scale. The former rests on ... More


Weather Prophecies

Jamie L. Pietruska

in Looking Forward: Prediction and Uncertainty in Modern America

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226475004
eISBN:
9780226509150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226509150.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines conflicts over long-range weather forecasting from the 1890s to the 1910s, when the US Weather Bureau attempted to suppress the popular commercial “weather prophets” who sold ... More


Writing on the Winds

Gary Alan Fine

in Authors of the Storm: Meteorologists and the Culture of Prediction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226249520
eISBN:
9780226249544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226249544.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter explores public science as communication. Specifically, it addresses four aspects of the occupational tasks of meteorologists: how they coordinate their forecasts with others inside ... More


:: A Stagnant Atmosphere: The Weather Services before World War II

Kristine C. Harper

in Weather by the Numbers: The Genesis of Modern Meteorology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083782
eISBN:
9780262274982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083782.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter describes the stagnant state of meteorological services during the interwar period. The US Weather Bureau was the agency responsible for the nation’s weather. Operating on a small budget ... More


On the Floor

Gary Alan Fine

in Authors of the Storm: Meteorologists and the Culture of Prediction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226249520
eISBN:
9780226249544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226249544.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter explores the social contours of the meteorological life. The goal is to situate the occupation within its organizational and social psychological constraints. It argues that the ... More


Authors of the Storm: Meteorologists and the Culture of Prediction

Gary Fine

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226249520
eISBN:
9780226249544
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226249544.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Whether it is used as an icebreaker in conversation or as the subject of serious inquiry, “the weather” is one of the few subjects that everyone talks about. And though we recognize the faces that ... More


Futurework

Gary Alan Fine

in Authors of the Storm: Meteorologists and the Culture of Prediction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226249520
eISBN:
9780226249544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226249544.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter explores the production of the future. How do meteorologists create forecasts to contain uncertainty? Meteorologists rely on gathered data in conjunction with models that provide a ... More


:: A Changing Atmosphere: From Developmental to Operational Numerical Weather Prediction (1952–1955)

Kristine C. Harper

in Weather by the Numbers: The Genesis of Modern Meteorology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083782
eISBN:
9780262274982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083782.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter details the progress toward operational numerical weather prediction. All three weather services—the Navy, the Air Force, and the Weather Bureau—which were members of the Joint ... More


The Daily “Probabilities”

Jamie L. Pietruska

in Looking Forward: Prediction and Uncertainty in Modern America

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226475004
eISBN:
9780226509150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226509150.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter focuses on controversies over rural access to short-term weather forecasts and storm warnings after 1870, when the US Army Signal Service established the country’s first national weather ... More


:: Creating a Realistic Atmosphere (1950–1952)

Kristine C. Harper

in Weather by the Numbers: The Genesis of Modern Meteorology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083782
eISBN:
9780262274982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083782.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter details how the Meteorology Project tested a variety of atmospheric models. First run on Army Ordnance’s ENIAC and then on John von Neumann’s computer, the team members modified the ... More


Introduction

Gary Alan Fine

in Authors of the Storm: Meteorologists and the Culture of Prediction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226249520
eISBN:
9780226249544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226249544.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This introductory chapter begins by outlining the broad theoretical issues addressed in this book, in an attempt to understand the conditions of work of weather forecasters. It then provides a ... More


:: A New Atmosphere

Kristine C. Harper

in Weather by the Numbers: The Genesis of Modern Meteorology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083782
eISBN:
9780262274982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083782.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The opening of the new Joint Numerical Weather Prediction Unit marked the end of the preliminary research period, but it was just the beginning of the worldwide spread of numerical weather ... More


Jupiter Winds and Weather

Andrew P. Ingersoll

in Planetary Climates

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145044
eISBN:
9781400848232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145044.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter examines the effect of winds on Jupiter's weather. The Great Red Spot is an atmospheric structure—a storm—that is free to move about under the laws of fluid dynamics. On Earth, these ... More


:: An International Atmosphere: Carl-Gustav Rossby and the Scandinavian Connection (1948–1950)

Kristine C. Harper

in Weather by the Numbers: The Genesis of Modern Meteorology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083782
eISBN:
9780262274982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083782.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter discusses how Carl-Gustav Rossby’s research school not only influenced international meteorology generally, but also overcame the initial skepticism of both theoretical and applied ... More


:: Toward a More Dynamic Atmosphere: Discipline Development in the Interwar Period (1919–1938)

Kristine C. Harper

in Weather by the Numbers: The Genesis of Modern Meteorology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083782
eISBN:
9780262274982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083782.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter discusses the establishment of meteorology programs, and later departments, beginning in the late 1920s. Carl-Gustav Rossby’s theoretical program at the Massachusetts Institute of ... More


Looking Forward: Prediction and Uncertainty in Modern America

Jamie L. Pietruska

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226475004
eISBN:
9780226509150
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226509150.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This book is a history of forecasting in the United States from the 1860s to the 1920s that examines how methods of prediction and ideas about predictability changed as Americans reckoned with new ... More


Time series analysis: predicting fluctuations in daily maximum temperatures

Peter J. Diggle and Amanda G. Chetwynd

in Statistics and Scientific Method: An Introduction for Students and Researchers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199543182
eISBN:
9780191774867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543182.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Biostatistics

This chapter discusses time series analysis. A time series is a sequence of measurements made at equally spaced times, for example a set of daily recorded levels of air pollution at a specific ... More


Prediction, Prophecy, and Scientific Culture

in Predicting the Weather: Victorians and the Science of Meteorology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226019680
eISBN:
9780226019703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226019703.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter argues that men of science built a spectrum of knowledge that connected the most prestigious and impressive kinds of prediction, in astronomy, with other lesser investigations in order ... More


Military Space: Expanded Uses and New Risks

James Clay Moltz

in Crowded Orbits: Conflict and Cooperation in Space

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159128
eISBN:
9780231528177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159128.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter explores military-related challenges and opportunities in space. To date, most military space activities consist of support functions—that is, technologies that allow military forces on ... More


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