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Moral Reflection on Economic Justice in Scholastic Economic Thought

James Halteman and Edd Noell

in Reckoning with Markets: The Role of Moral Reflection in Economics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199763702
eISBN:
9780199932252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199763702.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The moral reflections of the medieval Scholastics on trade and loans are discussed in this chapter. Institutional change in thirteenth- and fourteenth-century Europe facilitated specialization, the ... More


Towards a Labour Market in China

John Knight and Lina Song

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199245277
eISBN:
9780191602207
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245274.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This book presents a compilation of studies on China’s labour market. These explore institutional and political constraints on the operation of the market, and their changes over time. The book is ... More


Shortchanged: Why Women Have Less Wealth and What Can Be Done About It

Mariko Lin Chang

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195367690
eISBN:
9780199944101
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367690.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Women now receive more college degrees than men, and enter the workforce with better job opportunities than ever before. Indeed, the wage gap between men and women has never been smaller. So why does ... More


Conclusions

Peter Flaschel and Alfred Greiner

in Flexicurity Capitalism: Foundations, Problems, and Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751587
eISBN:
9780199932825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751587.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The conclusions summarize the main results. In particular, neither the Marx' reserve army mechanism nor mass unemployment as a disciplining device, as in Kalecki's work, are necessary for the ... More


The Political Economy of Labour Market Institutions

Gilles Saint-Paul

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293323
eISBN:
9780191596841
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293321.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Most economists think that unemployment is high in Europe because of rigid labour market institutions such as minimum wages, unemployment benefits, and employment protection. The book develops a ... More


Conclusions

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter reviews the discussions in the preceding chapters. It argues that the distribution of earnings is not outside our control. Although governments are constrained by the global economy and ... More


A Behavioural Model of Changing Pay Norms

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

The note describes a simple version of the pay norm model, where the assumptions are chosen to bring out the essence of the argument, rather than to allow for the full richness of strategic ... More


Managerial Control: The Origins of American Segmentalism

Peter A. Swenson

in Capitalists against Markets: The Making of Labor Markets and Welfare States in the United States and Sweden

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195142976
eISBN:
9780199872190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195142977.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter begins the historical analysis of welfare state development by tracing the origins of American segmentalism, a pattern of labor market control marked by decentralized industrial ... More


Italy Rescue from Without?

Maurizio Ferrera and Elisabetta Gualmini

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Italy's economic and employment problems were to a large extent home made, whereas external economic and political pressures did facilitate internal revitalization. While export‐oriented industries ... More


Who Is Harmed by Labour Market Regulations? Quantitative Evidence *

Gøsta Esping‐Andersen

in Why Deregulate Labour Markets?

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240524
eISBN:
9780191599187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240523.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the impact of labour market regulation in Europe. It shows that regulation slows down flows out of unemployment, and contributes to the unemployment problem among young and ... More


Managing Divergent Employment Dilemmas

Gøsta Esping‐Andersen

in Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198742005
eISBN:
9780191599163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198742002.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The macroscopic changes to post‐industrial employment that were examined in the previous chapter are unlikely to affect all nations similarly. Job loss through de‐industrialization, e.g., will be ... More


Conclusions

Price V. Fishback

in Soft Coal, Hard Choices: The Economic Welfare of Bituminous Coal Miners, 1890-1930

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067255
eISBN:
9780199855025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067255.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Coal mining offered the opportunity to earn money quickly during booms, but it was a dirty, dangerous job often located in isolated little towns. To protect themselves against exploitation by ... More


The UK—A Test Case for the Liberal Welfare State?

Peter Taylor-Gooby and Trine P. Larsen

in New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267262
eISBN:
9780191602023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926726X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The UK developed an innovative agenda of new social risk policies through the 1980s and 1990s. The Conservative government up to 1997 essentially pursued liberal market reforms with minimal provision ... More


 Income Distribution, Consumption, and Saving

Young‐Iob Chung

in Korea under Siege, 1876-1945: Capital Formation and Economic Transformation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178302
eISBN:
9780199783557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178300.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter assesses the impact of capital formation and economic development under Japanese rule on income distribution, consumption (standard of living), and savings in Korea, focusing those of ... More


Supporting unemployed people: income protection and activation

Jochen Clasen

in Reforming European Welfare States: Germany and the United Kingdom Compared

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199270712
eISBN:
9780191603266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270716.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter discusses three periods of policy change in the field of social protection for unemployed people. It explains basic parameters of unemployment protection systems, contrasting contemporary ... More


Rhetoric, New Labour, and the Constructionof the Centre

Andrew Hindmoor

in New Labour at the Centre: Constructing Political Space

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199273140
eISBN:
9780191601897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273146.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter examines New Labour’s efforts to rhetorically construct the political centre based on its policies on devolution, minimum wage, trade union recognition, and tax increase in the 2002 ... More


Wages and Wage Inequality, 1970–2000

Florence Kondylis and Jonathan Wadsworth

in Work and Pay in 20th Century Britain

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199212668
eISBN:
9780191712807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212668.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter tracks changes in wages and wage inequality in Britain since the 1970s, focusing on the principal differences in wage levels between individuals and on what explains the rise in wage ... More


Formal Approaches

Joseph E. Stiglitz, José Antonio Ocampo, Shari Spiegel, Ricardo Ffrench-Davis, and Deepak Nayyar

in Stability with Growth: Macroeconomics, Liberalization and Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199288144
eISBN:
9780191603884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288143.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses advances in formal economic theory by examining how different positions among economists arise from their different assumptions and models. The discussion focuses on ways in ... More


The Global Economy and the Poor

Pranab Bardhan

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay explores the issue of globalization, focusing on damage caused to jobs, wages, and incomes of poor people by the dislocations and competition of international trade and foreign investment, ... More


Policy Dilemmas for Controlling Child Labor

Kaushik Basu

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay attempts to show that seemingly reasonable policy interventions can easily backfire in the area of child labor. Thus, policy interventions cannot be left at the level of broad-brush ... More


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