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Adjusting Badly the German Welfare State, Structural Change, and the Open Economy

Philip Manow and Eric Seils

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Germany was comparatively successful in weathering the macroeconomic crises of the 1970s and early 1980s, and its industrial sector remained highly competitive throughout. Nevertheless, unemployment ... More


Constructing a Free Labor Market

Martin Ruef

in Between Slavery and Capitalism: The Legacy of Emancipation in the American South

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162775
eISBN:
9781400852642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162775.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter studies the extent to which the Freedmen Bureau's effort to reinstate plantation labor for former slaves in the mid-1860s was associated with changes in the valuation of black labor. ... More


France Directing Adjustment?

Jonah D. Levy

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Bismarckian welfare state in France is financed by social security contributions to an even greater degree than is true in Germany. During the oil‐price crises of the 1970s and early 1980s, job ... More


Introduction

V. K. Ramachandran (ed.)

in Wage Labour and Unfreedom in Agriculture: An Indian Case Study

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198286479
eISBN:
9780191684524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286479.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book explores the development of wage labour in agriculture in India, particularly in Tamil Nadu. It considers the role of agricultural growth and its impact on agricultural-labour households. ... More


Gender Inequality and Women’s Wage Labour: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis

Helen I. Safa

in Patriarchy and Development: Women's Positions at the End of the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198290230
eISBN:
9780191684807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290230.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In a number of developing countries, specifically for those open economies in the Caribbean Basin, export-led industrialization has assumed a major role in various development strategies during the ... More


Drawing Together the Threads: A Question of Labour Costs and Work Intensification

Huw Beynon, Damian Grimshaw, Jill Rubery, and Kevin Ward

in Managing Employment Change: The New Realities of Work

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199248698
eISBN:
9780191697760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248698.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Organization Studies

This chapter argues that the different employment practices and policies can be interpreted as a function of two interrelated factors: wage labour costs and work intensity. In this way, the separate ... More


Land, Labour, Savings, and Credit

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main part of this chapter discusses the characteristics of the peasant household in terms of land, labour, savings, and credit. It has ten sections: (1) the peasant household (which is normally ... More


The Law of the Labour Market: Industrialization, Employment, and Legal Evolution

Simon Deakin and Frank Wilkinson

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198152811
eISBN:
9780191673153
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152811.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Employment Law, Company and Commercial Law

The emergence of a ‘labour market’ in industrial societies implies not just greater competition and increased mobility of economic resources, but also the specific form of the work relationship which ... More


“Welfare Is the Preservation of Labor Power”: Unemployment and Work Relief

David F. Crew

in Germans on Welfare: From Weimar to Hitler

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195053111
eISBN:
9780199854479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195053111.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter talks about the shift from unemployment to work relief. Before the Depression, local welfare offices became the dumping grounds for the unemployed. The Weimar welfare offices wanted to ... More


The Second Century and the Economy of Ager Publicus

Saskia T. Roselaar

in Public Land in the Roman Republic: A Social and Economic History of Ager Publicus in Italy, 396-89 BC

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577231
eISBN:
9780191723414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577231.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter discusses the economic developments of the second century BC. The traditional picture of this period is one of increasing occupation of ager publicus by the rich commercial elite, who ... More


Indigenous Labor in Mid-Nineteenth-Century British North America: The Mi’kmaq of Cape Breton and Squamish of British Columbia in Comparative Perspective

Andrew Parnaby

in Workers Across the Americas: The Transnational Turn in Labor History

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199731633
eISBN:
9780199894420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731633.003.0011
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

Aboriginal people in North America, like indigenous peoples elsewhere, have been engaged in paid work for centuries. Yet despite a long, diverse history, this dimension of aboriginal life has been ... More


Market Integration and Fairness: Evidence from Ultimatum, Dictator, and Public Goods Experiments in East Afric a

Jean Ensminger

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

An analysis of the role of market integration and fairness in the responses of the Orma of northern Kenya in the Ultimatum, Dictator, and Public Goods Games is presented. The Orma are a ... More


Small-scale Industry

Tirthankar Roy

in The Economic History of India, 1857-1947

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198074175
eISBN:
9780199082148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074175.003.0006
Subject:
History, Indian History

In 1900, most of India's manufacturing workers were employed in industries that did not use either machinery or large factories. A century later, more than two-thirds of manufacturing employment ... More


Fire in the Fields: Reconstructing Labor and Land Following the Civil War

James C. Scott

in A Golden Weed: Tobacco and Environment in the Piedmont South

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300191165
eISBN:
9780300206814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300191165.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter examines changes in labor relations in Caswell, Halifax, and Pittsylvania in the first few years following Emancipation. Most local African Americans first moved from slavery to some ... More


Households and Credit Restraints

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main part of this chapter discusses the characteristics of the peasant household in terms of land, labour, savings, and credit. It has ten sections: (1) the peasant household (which is normally ... More


Social Change and Income Inequality Under Apartheid

Jeremy Seekings and Nicoli Nattrass

in Class, Race, and Inequality in South Africa

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300108927
eISBN:
9780300128758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300108927.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter explores the transformation of the South African society during the four decades of apartheid, focusing on the processes of class formation and the changing patterns of income ... More


Work

Jennifer Hull Dorsey

in Hirelings: African American Workers and Free Labor in Early Maryland

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801447785
eISBN:
9780801460678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801447785.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter examines the employment opportunities that were available to free African Americans in the Eastern Shore's agricultural society. It first considers how the steady demand for wage labor ... More


Liberating Free Labor: Vere Foster and Assisted Irish Emigration, 1850–1865

Andrew Urban

in Brokering Servitude: Migration and the Politics of Domestic Labor during the Long Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780814785843
eISBN:
9780814764749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814785843.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Chapter 1 follows the enterprising activities of Vere Foster, a member of the Anglo-Irish gentry who funded the emigration of approximately 1,250 Irish women from post-famine Ireland during the ... More


Markets in Late Medieval and Early Modern Principalities: The Low Countries, 1100–1800

Bas van Bavel

in The Invisible Hand?: How Market Economies have Emerged and Declined Since AD 500

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199608133
eISBN:
9780191779084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608133.003.0004
Subject:
History, Economic History

Many parts of the Low Countries were characterized by a large degree of freedom, and this was further expanded in the eleventh to thirteenth century, in a wave of revolts and self-organization by ... More


Competing Claims on the Commons

Madhav Gadgil and Ramachandra Guha

in This Fissured Land: An Ecological History of India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198077442
eISBN:
9780199082155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077442.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter reports a preliminary mapping of the conflicts over living resources in independent India. It starts by addressing the conflicts between the state and hunter-gatherers, shifting ... More


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