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Active Vision: The Psychology of Looking and Seeing

John M Findlay and Iain D Gilchrist

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524793
eISBN:
9780191711817
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524793.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

More than one third of the human brain is devoted to the processes of seeing — vision is after all the main way in which we gather information about the world. But human vision is a dynamic process ... More


Temporal Dynamics in Visual Perception

Michael Spivey

in The Continuity of Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter starts out by contrasting the static image-processing tradition in vision research to the moving-observer tradition in ecological psychology. As visual neuroscience and computer vision ... More


Memory Scanning, Visual Search, and Same-Different Designs

R. Duncan Luce

in Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter examines three classes of closely-related experiments called memory scanning, visual search, and matching. Topics discussed include memory scanning and visual search; the serial, ... More


Eye Movements as a Window on Perception and Cognition

Jason S. McCarley and Arthur F. Kramer

in Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews findings from the basic study of eye movements in cognitive psychology and perception and considers the implications of these findings for human factors researchers and ... More


Visual Search

Jeremy M. Wolfe

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

This chapter considers the range of visual search tasks, from those involving very briefly presented stimuli to those involving search processes that extend over many days. Most of the discussion ... More


A Role for Broca’s Area Beyond Language Processing: Evidence from Neuropsychology and fMRI

Gereon R. Fink, Zina M. Manjaly, Klaas E. Stephan, Jennifer M. Gurd, Karl Zilles, Katrin Amunts, and John C. Marshall

in Broca's Region

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

Broca's area (or, more generally, the left inferior frontal region) is implicated in many language and language-related tasks. This chapter addresses the question of whether it is legitimate to move ... More


Unpacking Cognitive Search: Mechanisms and Processes

Thorsten Pachur, Jeroen G. W. Raaijmakers, Eddy J. Davelaar, Nathaniel D. Daw, Michael R. Dougherty, Bernhard Hommel, Michael D. Lee, Sean M. Polyn, K. Richard Ridderinkhof, Peter M. Todd, and Jeremy M. Wolfe

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

This chapter discusses commonalities and differences in the cognitive mechanisms underlying different search tasks, such as spatial search, visual search, memory retrieval, action search, problem ... More


Guided Search 4.0: Current Progress with a Model of Visual Search

Jeremy M. Wolfe

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Visual input is processed in parallel in the early stages of the visual system. Later, object recognition processes are also massively parallel, matching a visual object with a vast array of stored ... More


Visual Discomfort and Reading

Elizabeth G. Conlon

in Visual Aspects of Dyslexia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199589814
eISBN:
9780191744785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589814.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Behavioral Neuroscience

Visual discomfort, also referred to as visual stress or Meares-Irlen syndrome, is a collection of somatic and perceptual effects induced in sensitive individuals on exposure to bright light or ... More


Features Are Fundamental in Word Recognition

Kristen Pammer

in The Neural Basis of Reading

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195300369
eISBN:
9780199863747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300369.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter describes a model that suggests that the accurate perception of letters and features is intrinsic to good word recognition skills, and that visual sensitivity may be mediated by a ... More


Toward an Integrated, Comprehensive Theory of Visual Search

Anthony Hornof

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

With the goal of moving toward a comprehensive theory of visual search that could predict visual search performance for a wide range of applied visual tasks, this chapter describes how a ... More


Advancing Area Activation toward a General Model of Eye Movements in Visual Search

Marc Pomplun

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Many everyday tasks require us to perform a visual search. Therefore, an adequate model of visual search is an indispensable part of any plausible approach to modeling integrated cognitive systems ... More


The V1 hypothesis—creating a bottom-up saliency map for preattentive selection and segmentation

Li Zhaoping

in Understanding Vision: Theory, Models, and Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199564668
eISBN:
9780191772504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564668.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter gives a full account of the theoretical development and experimental investigations of the hypothesis that the primary visual cortex (V1) creates a bottom-up saliency map to guide visual ... More


Getting beyond the serial/parallel debate in visual search: a hybrid approach

Cathleen M. Moore and Jeremy M. Wolfe

in The Limits of Attention: Temporal Constraints in Human Information Processing

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505150
eISBN:
9780191686818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505150.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The question of whether visual search involves at least one item-by-item serial processing stage or whether instead it is an entirely parallel process has been debated for decades. Recently, ... More


Visual attention moves no faster than the eyes

Robert Ward

in The Limits of Attention: Temporal Constraints in Human Information Processing

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505150
eISBN:
9780191686818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505150.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

How quickly can visual attention move from one object to another? This chapter reviews the evidence from behavioural and electrophysiological studies of visual search, from single-cell recordings of ... More


Aging and the ability to ignore irrelevant information in visual search and enumeration tasks

Elizabeth A. Maylor and Derrick G. Watson

in Measuring the Mind: Speed, control, and age

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566427
eISBN:
9780191693588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566427.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents some of recent experiments exploring age-related differences in the effects of irrelevant distractors in visual search and enumeration tasks. The first study shows that age ... More


Eye guidance and visual search

John M. Findlay and Iain D. Gilchrist

in Cognitive Processes in Eye Guidance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566816
eISBN:
9780191693618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566816.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents an account of eye control during visual search. The primary mechanism for selection of the destination for each saccade involves the generation of an oculomotor salience map, in ... More


The cortical neurodynamics of visual attention - a model

Edmund T. Rolls

in Computational Neuroscience of Vision

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524885
eISBN:
9780191689277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524885.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter aims to formulate a neurodynamical theory and model that addresses the issues of how spatial and object attention mechanisms can be integrated and can function as a unitary system in ... More


Explaining focused attention by TVA

Claus Bundesen and Thomas Habekost

in Principles of Visual Attention:: Linking Mind and Brain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570707
eISBN:
9780191693854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570707.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the application of the theory of visual attention (TVA) to research findings on focused attention from a wide range of experimental paradigms. TVA formed the basis of special ... More


The integration of top-down and bottom-up factors in visual search during driving

David Crundall

in Cognitive Processes in Eye Guidance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566816
eISBN:
9780191693618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566816.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers the interplay of bottom-up and top-down factors in deciding where the eyes should move next during various driving tasks. Although there is concern that bottom-up influences ... More


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