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Brain Gender

Melissa Hines

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.001.1
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

How important are biological factors, such as hormones, in shaping our sexual destinies? This book brings social developmental, biological, and clinical psychological perspectives to bear on the ... More


Do Sex-Related Cognitive Differences Exist, and Why do People Seek them Out?

Paula J. Caplan and Jeremy B. Caplan

in Gender Differences in Human Cognition

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195112917
eISBN:
9780199846900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195112917.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the serious concerns about the motives behind the whole project of seeking to find gender differences in cognition. The various scenarios of what can happen in the relatively ... More


Gender Differences in Cognition: Results from Meta-Analyses

Janet Shibley Hyde and Nita M. McKinley

in Gender Differences in Human Cognition

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195112917
eISBN:
9780199846900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195112917.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter introduces the statistical technique of meta-analysis, which provides a quantitative method for assessing what many different research studies, taken together say about the existence and ... More


The Role of Language in Theory-of-Mind Development: What Deaf Children Tell Us

Peter A. de Villiers

in Why Language Matters for Theory of Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195159912
eISBN:
9780199847150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159912.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that deaf children provide a strong test for the causal role of language, because many of them have significantly delayed language acquisition but age-appropriate non-verbal ... More


Genetic and Environmental Influences on Individual Differences in Language and Theory of Mind: Common or Distinct?

Claire Hughes

in Why Language Matters for Theory of Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195159912
eISBN:
9780199847150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159912.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents data from two twin studies conducted at two different times in development—3;6 years and 5;0 years. Both studies showed a strong correlation between general verbal ability and ... More


Homo musicus

Dina Kirnarskaya

in The Natural Musician: On abilities, giftedness, and talent

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199560134
eISBN:
9780191701795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560134.003.0028
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

Homo musicus — Musical Man, who creates, performs, and listens to music — is older than Homo sapiens. Man made music of a sort even when he did not know how to measure things or ... More


Intelligence, Executive Function, and Violence

Kevin H. Wozniak

in Thugs and Thieves: The Differential Etiology of Violence

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780195393583
eISBN:
9780190603946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393583.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In our first substantive chapter, we provide a comprehensive review of studies that have tested associations between indicators of intelligence (broadly construed to include executive functions and ... More


Aging of Thought

Timothy A. Salthouse

in Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A major weakness of the contemporary literature on aging and cognition, and likely also in the literature on cognitive development, is the very limited understanding of the relations between age and ... More


Songs and Singing

Sheila J. Scott

in Music Education for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Resource for Teachers

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190606336
eISBN:
9780190606374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190606336.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, American

Chapter 3 begins with a review of research that profiles pitch perception for memory, discrimination, and reproduction in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), followed by an examination ... More


A History of the Quest for Mental Power

Laurie L. Patton

in Bringing the Gods to Mind: Mantra and Ritual in Early Indian Sacrifice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520240872
eISBN:
9780520930889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240872.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter examines the history of images used for the attainment of mental power and verbal ability by describing metonymical interpretations of the Rig Veda mantras 1.18.6, 8.100.10–11, ... More


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