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Time Lags in Terrestrial and Marine Environments

Eric Post

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Temporal lags in the response of populations to climatic variation associated with the NAO are widespread in both terrestrial and marine environments. The existence of both immediate and lagged ... More


Diversity in the Neuronal Machine: Order and Variability in Interneuronal Microcircuits

Ivan Soltesz

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177015
eISBN:
9780199864713
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177015.001.1
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

This book travels a colorful journey into the fascinatingly diverse world of interneurons, an important class of highly heterogeneous cells found in all cortical neuronal networks. Interneurons are ... More


Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Eric Post

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Rising temperatures are affecting organisms in all of Earth's biomes, but the complexity of ecological responses to climate change has hampered the development of a conceptually unified treatment of ... More


Community Dynamics and Stability

Eric Post

in Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores the implications of climate change for community composition, dynamics, and stability. It also looks at further examples in which climatic variability mediates interactions ... More


Public Pensions and State and Local Budgets: Can Contribution Rate Cyclicality Be Better Managed?

Parry Young

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Pension fund contribution rate volatility has challenged state and local government defined benefit plan sponsors over time. Methods to contain volatility have been used for years but recent ... More


Conclusions: An Ecosystem Perspective of Shallow Marine Reefs

Tim R. McClanahan and George M. Branch

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter summarizes what the authors consider to be the key and general organizing principles of kelp forests and coral reefs along gradients of oceanography, latitude, and effects of fishing and ... More


The genetic and ecological context of selection

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter gives some quantitative information about the rates of genetic and environmental deterioration. The first section in this chapter is about history, chance, and necessity, and includes ... More


Whose Will? How Free?

George S Howard

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Science rarely allows its subject matter to show its ability to self-determine its actions. This chapter describes a method for quantifying the portion of variability in human behavior due to ... More


Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Manuel Barange, John G. Field, Roger P. Harris, Eileen E. Hofmann, R. Ian Perry, and Francisco Werner (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Global environmental change, which includes climate change, biodiversity loss, changes in hydrological and biogeochemical cycles, and intensive exploitation of natural resources, is having ... More


Variability, Noise, and Sensitivity to Error in Learning a Motor Task

Dagmar Sternad and Masaki O. Abe

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Variability is a ubiquitous characteristic in even highly skilled performance, and it can serve as a useful window into the determinants of skill acquisition and control. Variability is specifically ... More


Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Nils Chr. Stenseth, Geir Ottersen, James W. Hurrell, and Andrea Belgrano (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This book focuses on the influence of climate variability on the marine ecosystems of the North Atlantic. The ecological impact of climate variability on population dynamics is addressed at the full ... More


A Brief Overview of Recent Climate Change and Its Ecological Context

Eric Post

in Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This introductory chapter summarizes the most prominent abiotic components of recent climate change to establish the environmental context from which the discussion in the rest of the book proceeds. ... More


Coarse projections of the protein-mutational fitness landscape

F. Nicholas Braun

in Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The extant phylogenetic variability of a given protein contains information about its underlying sequence-fitness landscape, potentially of value to ancestral reconstruction. In extracting such ... More


Expression in Natural Speech

Mark Tatham and Katherine Morton

in Expression in Speech: Analysis and Synthesis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250677
eISBN:
9780191719462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250677.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter details some contributions of the results of biological and cognitive processing to natural speech. It presents the general concept of classifying basic and secondary emotions. A vector ... More


International Water Scarcity and Variability: Managing Resource Use Across Political Boundaries

Shlomi Dinar and Ariel Dinar

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520283077
eISBN:
9780520958906
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520283077.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book provides an interdisciplinary approach for considering international water management under conditions of increased scarcity and variability (both present and future as a result of climate ... More


Climatic Fluctuations and Marine Systems: A General Itroduction to the Ecological Effects

Geir Ottersen, Nils Chr. Stenseth, and James W. Hurrell

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief account of the Atlantic as a whole and how it is linked to other oceans, before focusing on the main currents and hydrography of the North Atlantic. This ... More


Responses of Marine Phytoplankton Populations to Fluctuations in Marine Climate

Theodore J. Smayda, David G. Borkman, Gregory Beaugrand, and Andrea Belgrano

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter focuses on the responses of phytoplankton as an indicator species of climate variation and change in Narragansett Bay, located in the northwest Atlantic, and in the North Sea and ... More


The Responses of Fish Populations to Ocean Climate Fluctuations

Geir Ottersen, Jürgen Alheit, Ken Drinkwater, Kevin Friedland, Eberhard Hagen, and Nils Chr. Stenseth

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Understanding how climate variability affects fish and fisheries and how the effects differ between species is of paramount importance when trying to predict the potential impacts of ... More


Climate forcing, food web structure, and community dynamics in pelagic marine ecosystems

L. Ciannelli, D. Ø. Hjermann, P. Lehodey, G. Ottersen, J. T. Duffy-Anderson, and N. C. Stenseth

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The Eastern Bering Sea (EBS), the Gulf of Alaska (GOA), and the Barents Sea (BS) share key features: they are dominated by gadoids populations, they are heavily fished, and they are under the ... More


Food webs in lakes—seasonal dynamics and the impact of climate variability

Dietmar Straile

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Studies on lakes provide some of the most complete investigations on the structure, dynamics, and energetics of food webs encompassing organisms from bacteria to vertebrates. The life cycle of ... More


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