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Nominalism and Divine Aseity

William Lane Craig

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 4

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656417
eISBN:
9780191742163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656417.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that if a Christian theist is to be a Platonist, then, he must, it seems, embrace Absolute Creationism, the view that God has created all the abstract objects there are. Those of ... More


 The Special Composition Problem

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ordinary Objects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Peter van Inwagen, Terence Horgan, and Matjaž Potrč argue against ordinary inanimate objects on grounds that no view that accepts them can provide a satisfactory answer to the special composition ... More


 Parsimony and Ontological Commitment

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ordinary Objects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

If we don't need ordinary objects in our causal explanations, it is often held, Occam's razor enjoins us to eliminate them. This chapter examines these arguments from parsimony, suggesting first that ... More


Frankfurt, van Inwagen, and the could-have-acted-otherwise condition

Martha Klein

in Determinism, Blameworthiness, and Deprivation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248347
eISBN:
9780191681134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248347.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins by examining some arguments of Frankfurt's which constitute a powerful case for the claim that there is not an independent C-condition for moral responsibility. It then examines ... More


‘Up-to-Us‐ness’, Agency, and Determinism

Helen Steward

in A Metaphysics for Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199552054
eISBN:
9780191738838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552054.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter sets out a conception of agency according to which an action is to be thought of as an input into the course of events such that it is essentially up to its agent whether or not it ... More


Agent Causation and Control

Randolph Clarke

in Libertarian Accounts of Free Will

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195159875
eISBN:
9780199835010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515987X.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Agent-causal accounts aim to secure greater control than can be secured by any event-causal libertarian account. Assuming that all it requires is possible, an integrated agent-causal view succeeds at ... More


The Puzzle of Existence

E. J. Lowe

in The Possibility of Metaphysics: Substance, Identity, and Time

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244997
eISBN:
9780191597930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244995.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Deals with one of the deepest of all metaphysical problems, the question of why there should be anything at all—that is to say, why there should be a world of concrete objects existing in space and ... More


Defenseless: A Critique of Van Inwagen’s Response to the Argument from Evil

Louise Antony

in Being, Freedom, and Method: Themes from the Philosophy of Peter van Inwagen

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198715702
eISBN:
9780191783401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198715702.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

Philosophical tradition distinguishes the “logical” argument from evil from the “evidential” argument from evil. The logical argument aims to show that theism cannot be true, given the facts about ... More


Modal Realism and Modal Tense

Takashi Yagisawa

in Worlds and Individuals, Possible and Otherwise

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199576890
eISBN:
9780191722301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576890.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

Modal realists should use the modal analogs of tenses in their official language of theorizing on modal metaphysics and epistemology. Doing do will enable them to respond to a variety of objections ... More


Suffering, Theodicy, and Defense

Eleonore Stump

in Wandering in Darkness: Narrative and the Problem of Suffering

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199277421
eISBN:
9780191594298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277421.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter introduces the project of the book, which is an examination of the problem of evil and an attempt to give a defence with respect to the argument from evil. It examines the nature of ... More


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