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Nominalism and Divine Aseity

William Lane Craig

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 4

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656417
eISBN:
9780191742163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656417.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that if a Christian theist is to be a Platonist, then, he must, it seems, embrace Absolute Creationism, the view that God has created all the abstract objects there are. Those of ... More


 The Special Composition Problem

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ordinary Objects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Peter van Inwagen, Terence Horgan, and Matjaž Potrč argue against ordinary inanimate objects on grounds that no view that accepts them can provide a satisfactory answer to the special composition ... More


 Parsimony and Ontological Commitment

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ordinary Objects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

If we don't need ordinary objects in our causal explanations, it is often held, Occam's razor enjoins us to eliminate them. This chapter examines these arguments from parsimony, suggesting first that ... More


Frankfurt, van Inwagen, and the could-have-acted-otherwise condition

Martha Klein

in Determinism, Blameworthiness, and Deprivation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248347
eISBN:
9780191681134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248347.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins by examining some arguments of Frankfurt's which constitute a powerful case for the claim that there is not an independent C-condition for moral responsibility. It then examines ... More


‘Up-to-Us‐ness’, Agency, and Determinism

Helen Steward

in A Metaphysics for Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199552054
eISBN:
9780191738838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552054.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter sets out a conception of agency according to which an action is to be thought of as an input into the course of events such that it is essentially up to its agent whether or not it ... More


The Puzzle of Existence

E. J. Lowe

in The Possibility of Metaphysics: Substance, Identity, and Time

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244997
eISBN:
9780191597930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244995.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Deals with one of the deepest of all metaphysical problems, the question of why there should be anything at all—that is to say, why there should be a world of concrete objects existing in space and ... More


Agent Causation and Control

Randolph Clarke

in Libertarian Accounts of Free Will

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195159875
eISBN:
9780199835010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515987X.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Agent-causal accounts aim to secure greater control than can be secured by any event-causal libertarian account. Assuming that all it requires is possible, an integrated agent-causal view succeeds at ... More


Modal Realism and Modal Tense

Takashi Yagisawa

in Worlds and Individuals, Possible and Otherwise

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199576890
eISBN:
9780191722301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576890.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

Modal realists should use the modal analogs of tenses in their official language of theorizing on modal metaphysics and epistemology. Doing do will enable them to respond to a variety of objections ... More


Defenseless: A Critique of Van Inwagen’s Response to the Argument from Evil

Louise Antony

in Being, Freedom, and Method: Themes from the Philosophy of Peter van Inwagen

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198715702
eISBN:
9780191783401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198715702.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

Philosophical tradition distinguishes the “logical” argument from evil from the “evidential” argument from evil. The logical argument aims to show that theism cannot be true, given the facts about ... More


Suffering, Theodicy, and Defense

Eleonore Stump

in Wandering in Darkness: Narrative and the Problem of Suffering

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199277421
eISBN:
9780191594298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277421.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter introduces the project of the book, which is an examination of the problem of evil and an attempt to give a defence with respect to the argument from evil. It examines the nature of ... More


Are There any Successful Philosophical Arguments?

Thomas Kelly and Sarah McGrath

in Being, Freedom, and Method: Themes from the Philosophy of Peter van Inwagen

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198715702
eISBN:
9780191783401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198715702.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

According to Peter van Inwagen, there are no successful philosophical arguments for substantive conclusions. He argues for this thesis in two steps. First, he puts forward and defends a “criterion of ... More


Deliberation and Alternatives

Dana Kay Nelkin

in Making Sense of Freedom and Responsibility

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608560
eISBN:
9780191729638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608560.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This chapter takes up the question of whether the rational abilities view developed thus far fits with, or is in tension with, our commitments as rational agents. It addresses a conclusion that can ... More


Structured Individuals and Their Parts

William Jaworski

in Structure and the Metaphysics of Mind: How Hylomorphism Solves the Mind-Body Problem

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198749561
eISBN:
9780191813955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749561.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Structures are powers to configure things. There are two kinds of structures: individual-making structures and activity-making structures. Individual-making structures are powers of emergent ... More


Alternative Possibilities

Robert Kane

in The Significance of Free Will

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126563
eISBN:
9780199868506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195126564.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter analyzes the latest arguments for and against the claim that determinism is incompatible with free will that rely on the first criterion for free will – alternative possibilities (AP), ... More


Libertarianism and the Problem of Flip-flopping

John Martin Fischer

in Free Will and Theism: Connections, Contingencies, and Concerns

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198743958
eISBN:
9780191803956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743958.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Peter van Inwagen has claimed that he would give up a previously-thought-to be a priori element of his argument for the incompatibility of causal determinism and free will, if he were to be convinced ... More


Fictional Worlds

Takashi Yagisawa

in Worlds and Individuals, Possible and Otherwise

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199576890
eISBN:
9780191722301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576890.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

It is argued that fictional worlds and individuals are impossible worlds and individuals. Proposals on fiction by Kripke and van Inwagen are discussed critically. Imagined-seen fictional worlds are ... More


Moderate Modal Skepticism

Margot Strohminger and Juhani Yli-Vakkuri

in Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198798705
eISBN:
9780191848469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798705.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines moderate modal skepticism, a form of skepticism about metaphysical modality defended by Peter van Inwagen in order to blunt the force of certain modal arguments in the ... More


Theism and Allism

Alex Rosenberg

in Being, Freedom, and Method: Themes from the Philosophy of Peter van Inwagen

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198715702
eISBN:
9780191783401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198715702.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

This paper defends the claim that one cannot, with logical consistency, be a theist and embrace the theory of natural selection as an explanation for adaptation. It further illustrates the problems ... More


Philosophical Individualism

John A. Keller

in Being, Freedom, and Method: Themes from the Philosophy of Peter van Inwagen

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198715702
eISBN:
9780191783401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198715702.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

What does it take for an argument to be a success? Peter van Inwagen argues that an argument for conclusion c is one that, when ideally presented in the company of an ideal opponent, would be ... More


The Problems of Composition

William Jaworski

in Structure and the Metaphysics of Mind: How Hylomorphism Solves the Mind-Body Problem

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198749561
eISBN:
9780191813955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749561.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defends the hylomorphic view of composition against some objections. First, there are arguments advanced by Peter van Inwagen, Trenton Merricks, and Eric Olson to the effect that there ... More


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