Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-15 of 15 items

  • Keywords: values in science x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Scientific Pluralism and Its Limits

Angela Potochnik

in Idealization and the Aims of Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226507057
eISBN:
9780226507194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226507194.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The account of the aims of science developed in this book explicitly links those aims to particularities of scientists and the audiences of science. This final chapter investigates some implications ... More


Conclusion

Peter J. Woodford

in The Moral Meaning of Nature: Nietzsche’s Darwinian Religion and Its Critics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226539751
eISBN:
9780226539928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226539928.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The conclusion summarizes the key points of conflict between each of these thinkers and it attempts to draw some lessons from their disagreements. It resists the temptation to try to resolve these ... More


Feedback: Values in ADHD Science

Susan C. C. Hawthorne

in Accidental Intolerance: How We Stigmatize ADHD and How We Can Stop

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199977383
eISBN:
9780199369928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199977383.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The sciences that study ADHD do not stand apart from the clinical and social influences embedded in the ADHD concept and its associated practices. Instead, pervasive trends in the aspects of ADHD ... More


Values in Science and the Erosion of Trust

Inmaculada de Melo-Martín and Kristen Intemann

in The Fight Against Doubt: How to Bridge the Gap Between Scientists and the Public

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190869229
eISBN:
9780190869236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190869229.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter considers another factor that plays a role in eroding the public’s trust in science: concerns about the negative influence of nonepistemic values in science, particularly in ... More


Accidental Intolerance: How We Stigmatize ADHD and How We Can Stop

Susan C. C. Hawthorne

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199977383
eISBN:
9780199369928
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199977383.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book examines both standard practice and ongoing controversies in social, medical, scientific, ethical, and philosophical approaches to ADHD. The complex web of concepts, data, needs, and ... More


Introduction: Doing Science in a Complex World

Angela Potochnik

in Idealization and the Aims of Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226507057
eISBN:
9780226507194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226507194.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Increasingly, philosophers of science have focused on accounting for scientific practice as it actually occurs: the often-messy and never-completed project of limited human beings, pursued for human ... More


New Directions

Susan C. C. Hawthorne

in Accidental Intolerance: How We Stigmatize ADHD and How We Can Stop

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199977383
eISBN:
9780199369928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199977383.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

As earlier chapters showed, blending of facts and values has deeply embedded intolerance against ADHD in ubiquitous systems. Yet, this chapter argues, we cannot escape the blending of fact and value ... More


Dissent and Its Discontents

Inmaculada de Melo-Martín and Kristen Intemann

in The Fight Against Doubt: How to Bridge the Gap Between Scientists and the Public

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190869229
eISBN:
9780190869236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190869229.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This introductory chapter presents the philosophical approach used in this book to deal with the problematic epistemic and social consequences of some scientific dissent. It challenges approaches to ... More


Idealization and the Aims of Science

Angela Potochnik

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226507057
eISBN:
9780226507194
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226507194.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Idealizations are assumptions made without regard for whether they are true and often with full knowledge they are false. This book develops a strong view of idealization’s centrality to science and ... More


Measuring Inequality: The Roles of Values and Inductive Risk

Robin Andreasen and Heather Doty

in Exploring Inductive Risk: Case Studies of Values in Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190467715
eISBN:
9780190467753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467715.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The focus of this chapter is on the argument from inductive risk in the context of social science research on disparate impact in employment outcomes. It identifies three types of situations in the ... More


The Inductive Risk of “Demasculinization”

Jack Powers

in Exploring Inductive Risk: Case Studies of Values in Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190467715
eISBN:
9780190467753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467715.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

That scientists should countenance non-epistemic values in their scientific practices has become widely accepted, in part on the basis of arguments from inductive risk. But traditional arguments from ... More


Lessons Learned and New Directions

Inmaculada de Melo-Martín and Kristen Intemann

in The Fight Against Doubt: How to Bridge the Gap Between Scientists and the Public

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190869229
eISBN:
9780190869236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190869229.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This concluding chapter revisits the main topics of the book and emphasizes the need to reframe the problem of normatively inappropriate dissent (NID). It contends that limiting attention to the role ... More


Bad-Faith Dissent

Inmaculada de Melo-Martín and Kristen Intemann

in The Fight Against Doubt: How to Bridge the Gap Between Scientists and the Public

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190869229
eISBN:
9780190869236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190869229.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores whether the presence of bad-faith motive is a reliable criterion to identify normatively inappropriate dissent (NID). Rather than appropriate epistemic motives to help advance ... More


Evidence and Environmental Epidemiology: A Pragmatic Approach

Anya Plutynski

in Explaining Cancer: Finding Order in Disorder

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780199967452
eISBN:
9780190878474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199967452.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In this chapter, I consider two case studies in environmental epidemiology of cancer, in service of several aims. First, I argue that while identification of mechanisms is useful, they are neither ... More


The Fight Against Doubt: How to Bridge the Gap Between Scientists and the Public

Inmaculada de Melo-Martín and Kristen Intemann

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190869229
eISBN:
9780190869236
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190869229.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Current debates about climate change or vaccine safety provide an alarming illustration of the potential impacts of dissent about scientific claims. False beliefs about evidence and the conclusions ... More


View: