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John Buridan

Gyula Klima

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195176223
eISBN:
9780199871957
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

John Buridan (ca. 1300–1362) has worked out perhaps the most comprehensive account of nominalism in the history of Western thought, the philosophical doctrine according to which the only universals ... More


Developing Cross Cultural Measurement

Thanh V. Tran

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195325089
eISBN:
9780199864515
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325089.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This book provides an overview of issues and techniques relevant to the development of cross-cultural measures and provides a step-by-step approach to the assessment of cross-cultural equivalence of ... More


The Kantian Aesthetic: From Knowledge to the Avant-Garde

Paul Crowther

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579976
eISBN:
9780191722615
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579976.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, History of Philosophy

This book explains the perceptual knowledge involved in aesthetic judgements. It does so by linking Kant's aesthetics to a critically upgraded account of his theory of knowledge. This upgraded theory ... More


Aesthetic Essays

Malcolm Budd

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199556175
eISBN:
9780191721151
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556175.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The book contains a selection of essays on aesthetics, some of which have been revised or added to. A number of the essays are aimed at the abstract heart of aesthetics, attempting to solve a cluster ... More


Narrative Inquiry

Kathleen Wells

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195385793
eISBN:
9780199827237
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385793.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Drawing on theoretical and methodological papers written over the past thirty years, this volume provides an introduction to narrative inquiry. It provides an overview of the development of narrative ... More


Population-Based Survey Experiments

Diana C. Mutz

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144511
eISBN:
9781400840489
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144511.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

Population-based survey experiments have become an invaluable tool for social scientists struggling to generalize laboratory-based results, and for survey researchers besieged by uncertainties about ... More


Introduction to Medieval Logic

Alexander Broadie

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240266
eISBN:
9780191680137
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240266.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, History of Philosophy

Medieval logicians advanced far beyond the logic of Aristotle and the aim of this book is to show how far that advance took them in two central areas. This book focuses upon the work of some of the ... More


The framework for empirical testing

Mette Elise Jolly

in The European Union and the People

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199213078
eISBN:
9780191707155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213078.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter outlines the methods used in the empirical part of the book and addresses issues such as validity and reliability, both in general and also with specific reference to the empirical ... More


Validity

Graham Priest

in Doubt Truth to be a Liar

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199263288
eISBN:
9780191603631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263280.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter provides a general account of the nature of validity, both deductive and non-deductive, which may be accepted depending on what one takes the correct logic to be. It argues against a ... More


Logical Pluralism

Graham Priest

in Doubt Truth to be a Liar

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199263288
eISBN:
9780191603631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263280.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter distinguishes between various senses in which one might be a pluralist about logic. In several of these, pluralism is uncontentiously correct. The difficult issue is whether there are ... More


Introduction to Part III

Jody Azzouni

in Tracking Reason: Proof, Consequence, and Truth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187137
eISBN:
9780199850570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187137.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Purely mathematical reason motivated the shift in interest of logicians from their model-theoretic approaches to logic involving rich portions of mathematics: this is evident in set theory more so ... More


Political Methodology: Research Design and Experimental Methods

Kathleen M. McGraw

in A New Handbook of Political Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294719
eISBN:
9780191599361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294719.003.0034
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Provides a discussion of issues relating to research design and experimental methods in political science. Issues are elaborated relating to control and random case selection, internal and external ... More


Plurality Case Study Election Results: Malawi, Zambia, and Zimbabwe 1

Andrew Reynolds

in Electoral Systems and Democratization in Southern Africa

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295105
eISBN:
9780191600128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295103.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter and the next describe the political histories of the case studies presented in the book, paying particular attention to their democratic transitions, institutional choices, and ... More


Interpreting Public Policy: Normative Frames and Methodological Issues

Frank Fischer

in Reframing Public Policy: Discursive Politics and Deliberative Practices

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242641
eISBN:
9780191599255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924264X.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This is the second of four chapters offering a postempiricist methodology for policy inquiry based on the logic of practical discourse, and explores the role of interpretation in policy analysis. ... More


Why generalizations are learned

Adele Goldberg

in Constructions at Work: The Nature of Generalization in Language

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199268511
eISBN:
9780191708428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268511.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

As many psychologists have emphasized, human categorization is generally driven by some functional pressure, typically the need to predict or infer certain properties on the basis of perceived ... More


Principles of Exposure Measurement in Epidemiology: Collecting, Evaluating, and Improving Measures of Disease Risk Factors

Emily White, Bruce K. Armstrong, and Rodolfo Saracci

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198509851
eISBN:
9780191723827
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509851.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The accurate measurement of exposure to putative causes of disease is essential to the validity of epidemiologic research. This book covers general principles and methods that can be applied to ... More


External Validity Reconsidered

Diana C. Mutz

in Population-Based Survey Experiments

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144511
eISBN:
9781400840489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144511.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter talks about the significance of generalizability. Experimentalists often go to great lengths to argue that student or other convenience samples are not problematic in terms of external ... More


Connectives, Quantifiers, Logic

Stewart Shapiro

in Vagueness in Context

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199280391
eISBN:
9780191707162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280391.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter defines various connectives and quantifiers, and settles on a local notion of validity. The ultimate goal is to delimit a plausible notion of logical consequence and to explore what ... More


Making Sense of Data: A Self-Instruction Manual on the Interpretation of Epidemiological Data

J. H. Abramson and Z. H. Abramson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195145250
eISBN:
9780199864775
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195145250.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book on the use of epidemiologic data deals with the basic concepts and skills needed for the appraisal of published reports or one's own findings. Applications in clinical medicine, public ... More


Basic Concepts and Assumptions

Patrick Dattalo

in Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter defines important terms and concepts. It is assumed that readers are familiar with issues related to the appropriate application of each statistical procedure in terms of assumptions and ... More


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