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Likelihood Ratios as a Measure of the Diagnostic Usefulness of Excretory Urogram Information

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses a method for measuring the diagnostic usefulness of the information from a radiologic examination (excretory urography). The log likelihood ratio (LLR) method requires ... More


Philosophical Foundations

David B. Resnik

in Playing Politics with Science: Balancing Scientific Independence and Government Oversight

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195375893
eISBN:
9780199866632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375893.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter develops an account of the nature of science. It argues that science is useful (and valuable) because it is generally reliable and because it aspires to the goal of objectivity; it also ... More


Conclusion

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0032
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Theoretical integration, applications in other areas (e.g., teachers’ expectations and their students’ performance), and procedures for dealing with experimenter expectancy effects within this ... More


The Limitations of Financial Reporting

Wolfgang Ballwieser

in The Economics and Politics of Accounting: International Perspectives on Trends, Policy, and Practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260621
eISBN:
9780191601668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260621.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

After a general introduction (Section 1), Section 2 discusses the objectives of financial reporting with respect to information. It explains the concept of decision usefulness by looking first at the ... More


A Conceptual Sytem  

Andrew Stewart Skinner

in A System of Social Science: Papers Relating to Adam Smith

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198233343
eISBN:
9780191678974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233343.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Although Adam Smith's model, in its post-physiocratic form, has several distinct elements, the feature on which he continued to place most emphasis was the division of labour, which is implied in the ... More


Getting findings into policy

Carol Tannahill

in Evaluating Health Promotion: Practice and Methods

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199569298
eISBN:
9780191594427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569298.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

One criterion against which to measure the success of an evaluation is whether it is of use. This chapter focuses on the usefulness of findings for policy-makers. It starts by looking briefly at the ... More


The experience of HIA in Wales

John Kemm, Jayne Parry, and Stephen Palmer

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526292
eISBN:
9780191723889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526292.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The development of health impact assessment (HIA) in Wales has taken place within a context of significant constitutional change and a new approach to policy making. This has provided opportunities ... More


Kant on Mind, Action, and Ethics

Julian Wuerth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199587629
eISBN:
9780191760907
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587629.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book presents a new interpretation of Kant’s theories of mind, action, and ethics. As the author of a Copernican turn in philosophy, Kant places the mind at the centre of his philosophy, and yet ... More


The ‘Middle’ Wittgenstein (and the ‘Later’ Ramsey) on the Pragmatist Conception of Truth

Anna Boncompagni

in The Practical Turn: Pragmatism in Britain in the Long Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780197266168
eISBN:
9780191865237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266168.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines some remarks Ludwig Wittgenstein expressed on pragmatism in manuscripts and lectures during the first half of the 1930s. These remarks focus principally on the Jamesian ... More


Useful members of society or motiveless malingerers? Occupation and malingering in British asylum psychiatry, 1870–1914

Sarah Chaney

in Work, Psychiatry and Society, C. 1750-2015

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097690
eISBN:
9781526104465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097690.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the value placed on occupation as a measure of individual worth at the turn of the twentieth century. Within the asylum, providing residents with daily tasks was designed to ... More


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