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Likelihood Ratios as a Measure of the Diagnostic Usefulness of Excretory Urogram Information

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses a method for measuring the diagnostic usefulness of the information from a radiologic examination (excretory urography). The log likelihood ratio (LLR) method requires ... More


Philosophical Foundations

David B. Resnik

in Playing Politics with Science: Balancing Scientific Independence and Government Oversight

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195375893
eISBN:
9780199866632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375893.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter develops an account of the nature of science. It argues that science is useful (and valuable) because it is generally reliable and because it aspires to the goal of objectivity; it also ... More


Conclusion

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0032
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Theoretical integration, applications in other areas (e.g., teachers’ expectations and their students’ performance), and procedures for dealing with experimenter expectancy effects within this ... More


The Limitations of Financial Reporting

Wolfgang Ballwieser

in The Economics and Politics of Accounting: International Perspectives on Trends, Policy, and Practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260621
eISBN:
9780191601668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260621.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

After a general introduction (Section 1), Section 2 discusses the objectives of financial reporting with respect to information. It explains the concept of decision usefulness by looking first at the ... More


A Conceptual Sytem  

Andrew Stewart Skinner

in A System of Social Science: Papers Relating to Adam Smith

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198233343
eISBN:
9780191678974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233343.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Although Adam Smith's model, in its post-physiocratic form, has several distinct elements, the feature on which he continued to place most emphasis was the division of labour, which is implied in the ... More


Getting findings into policy

Carol Tannahill

in Evaluating Health Promotion: Practice and Methods

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199569298
eISBN:
9780191594427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569298.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

One criterion against which to measure the success of an evaluation is whether it is of use. This chapter focuses on the usefulness of findings for policy-makers. It starts by looking briefly at the ... More


The experience of HIA in Wales

John Kemm, Jayne Parry, and Stephen Palmer

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526292
eISBN:
9780191723889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526292.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The development of health impact assessment (HIA) in Wales has taken place within a context of significant constitutional change and a new approach to policy making. This has provided opportunities ... More


Kant on Mind, Action, and Ethics

Julian Wuerth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199587629
eISBN:
9780191760907
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587629.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book presents a new interpretation of Kant’s theories of mind, action, and ethics. As the author of a Copernican turn in philosophy, Kant places the mind at the centre of his philosophy, and yet ... More


The ‘Middle’ Wittgenstein (and the ‘Later’ Ramsey) on the Pragmatist Conception of Truth

Anna Boncompagni

in The Practical Turn: Pragmatism in Britain in the Long Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780197266168
eISBN:
9780191865237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266168.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines some remarks Ludwig Wittgenstein expressed on pragmatism in manuscripts and lectures during the first half of the 1930s. These remarks focus principally on the Jamesian ... More


Useful members of society or motiveless malingerers? Occupation and malingering in British asylum psychiatry, 1870–1914

Sarah Chaney

in Work, Psychiatry and Society, C. 1750-2015

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097690
eISBN:
9781526104465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097690.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the value placed on occupation as a measure of individual worth at the turn of the twentieth century. Within the asylum, providing residents with daily tasks was designed to ... More


Chapati Bodies: In Which Weakness, Not Maladjustment, Anchors The Body in Time

Lawrence Cohen

in No Aging in India: Alzheimer's, The Bad Family, and Other Modern Things

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520083967
eISBN:
9780520925328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520083967.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter examines the views of Nagwa residents, weakness as a structure, Muslims and other saints, the sound of dying, and the position of repose. Weakness is central to local experience and ... More


Drawing Threads Together

Andrew Steane

in Science and Humanity: A Humane Philosophy of Science and Religion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198824589
eISBN:
9780191863370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824589.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This continues the theme opened up by the previous chapter, by showing how religious experience operates and how it informs human life. This includes the experience of mercy invoked by music, for ... More


The Usefulness of a Plausible God

Mitchell Silver

in A Plausible God: Secular Reflections on Liberal Jewish Theology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823226818
eISBN:
9780823236565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823226818.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines the theologians' credible God's candidacy for belief by the standard of usefulness. It introduces a baseline God of the theologians, the God that ... More


Towards a rational theory of human information acquisition

Jonathan D. Nelson

in The Probabilistic Mind:: Prospects for Bayesian cognitive science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216093
eISBN:
9780191695971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216093.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers the crucial question of the usefulness of data, with respect to a set of hypotheses under consideration. Some data are clearly irrelevant to the hypotheses of concern; some ... More


Use, the Useful, and Public Utility: A Theory of Musical Value

Jann Pasler

in Composing the Citizen: Music as Public Utility in Third Republic France

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257405
eISBN:
9780520943872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257405.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter is concerned with the concept of usefulness. It tries to determine why this concept is still deeply meaningful in France, and examines the “useful” in music. It studies the tensions that ... More


Teaching in the UK

David Ellis

in Memoirs of a Leavisite: The Decline and Fall of Cambridge English

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781846318894
eISBN:
9781846318023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846318894.003.0016
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This is a description of Ellis's experiences as a teacher of literature at Kent and the way that changes in university organisation (devolved budgets, larger numbers), and in society as a whole (the ... More


The Illusory Benefits of Moral Responsibility

Bruce N. Waller

in Against Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016599
eISBN:
9780262298940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016599.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses how advocates of moral responsibility usually resort to practical usefulness when arguing for or investigating about moral responsibility. This dependence on practical ... More


William Cowper’s Gypsies

Sarah Houghton-Walker

in Representations of the Gypsy in the Romantic Period

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780198719472
eISBN:
9780191788581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719472.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Chapter 3 begins the author-centred section of the book by examining William Cowper’s description of a group of gypsies in The Task (1783). It argues that Cowper’s lines reflect a burst of critical ... More


Epilogue: Aristotelian Protreptic and a Stabilized Genre

James Henderson Collins

in Exhortations to Philosophy: The Protreptics of Plato, Isocrates, and Aristotle

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199358595
eISBN:
9780199358618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199358595.003.0011
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

A lengthy epilogue explores how Aristotle merges the “voices” of his competition, putting them into dialogue with one another in the relatively monologic discourse of his Protrepticus. Aristotle ... More


Introduction

Derek Attridge

in The Work of Literature

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198733195
eISBN:
9780191797750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198733195.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The introduction establishes the main questions addressed in the book, taking off from a reading of a passage from J. M. Coetzee’s ‘As a Woman Grows Older’. The passage raises questions of the ... More


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